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Comparison of the Health Behaviors according to Income and Education Level among Cardio-Cerebrovascular Patients; based on KNHANES data of 2010-2011

심뇌혈관질환자의 소득과 교육수준에 따른 건강행태 비교 - 2010-2011년도 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여 -

  • Choi, Ji-Yeon (Dept. of Public Health, Graduate School of Chosun University) ;
  • Choi, Seong-Woo (Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine, Chosun University)
  • 최지연 (조선대학교 대학원 보건학과) ;
  • 최성우 (조선대학교 의과대학 예방의학과)
  • Received : 2014.07.10
  • Accepted : 2014.10.10
  • Published : 2014.10.31

Abstract

The aim of this study was to help disease management and prevention by analyzing the effects of income and education levels on the health of cardio-cerebrovascular patients. Using the raw data of 2010-2011 Korea Health & Nutrition Examination Survey, the correlations of health behaviors, general (socio-demographic) characteristics, body measurements, and blood test results of 3,687 cardio-cerebrovascular patients aged 30 or older were analyzed based on their income and education levels. The results suggested that lower income and education levels were correlated with a high prevalence of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. In addition, the OR values (95% CI) of current smoking were 0.71 (0.52-0.96) for patients with a high-income and 0.41 (0.29-0.58) for those with a high level of education, showing a strong correlation between lower levels of income and education and current smoking, which is related to health deterioration. In terms of one-month drinking and high risk drinking, the OR values (95% CI) of the patients with a high income were 1.55(1.22-1.95) and 1.42(1.11-1.82), respectively. Drinking was more prevalent among high-income patients but had no correlation with the education level. The practice of walking had no significant correlation with both income and education levels. Therefore, it is imperative to emphasize the importance of temperance to high-income patients, and the importance of quitting smoking to low-income patients, as well as to provide institutional support.

Keywords

Cardio-cerebrovascular disease;Education level;Health behavior;Income level

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