Study on Developing the Scale of Korea Citizen's Intentionality out of Inborn Ability and Mission

한국 도시민의 목적지향 성향 척도 개발을 위한 연구

  • Sohnn, Jou-Hwan (Department of management, Graduate School of Venture, Hoseo University) ;
  • Ha, Kyu-Soo (Department of management, Graduate School of Venture, Hoseo University)
  • 손주환 (호서대학교 벤처전문대학원) ;
  • 하규수 (호서대학교 벤처전문대학원)
  • Received : 2014.07.15
  • Accepted : 2014.10.10
  • Published : 2014.10.31


The aim of this study was to develop a scale of the Korea citizen's intentionality out of their inborn ability and mission. To set up the concept of the above intentionality, there have been many academic and religious studies for reference in addition to the existing productivity, Korea elderly successful aging scale, and the scale of life qualities for review. The first 57 items for questionnaires were created thereafter. The final 27 items were confirmed, which were constantly modified by a professor of statistics and corresponding author in effective response and in removing the redundant items after the first items had been reduced to 44 preliminary items through the many an item-by-item discussions with pastors, theologians and social workers. A survey was conducted around the metropolitan area and 380 records were collected. Factor analysis to verify the validity of the measurement tool was completed, and showed that there were 6 sub-factors; "recognition of being", "autonomous life", "self-completion", "initiative", "acceptance", and "economic feasibility". In addition, reliability analysis was implemented and found to be reliable because the Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ value was 0.6 or more.


  1. Economic Team, "Rapid aging", Hankyung, 2013 Apr. 11,
  2. News, "Suicide rate", Dong-a, 2014 Jul. 2,,
  3. Impeter, "Corruption Perceptions Index in Korea", 2013 Dec,,cpi=46/177
  4. B. K. Kwon, "Fertility", HuffingtonPostKorea, 2014 Jun. 16.,
  5. J. W. Lee, "Time and Space", The Hankyoreh, 2005 Jun. 2,
  6. Dictionary of Literary Criticism, "Intentionality", Kookhak, 2006 Jan. 30,
  7. Encyclopedia Wikipedia, "Soul", Wikimedia Foundation, Inc, 2014 Apr. 10,
  8. C. H. Sung, "Leib und Seele des Menschen und die Trennung im Tode : Individuelle-jenseitige Eschatologie im Neuen Testament", p.59-86, Vol. 44 No.1, PCTS,
  9. King James Version, "The Holy Bible", p.1-2, World of God Preservation Society, 1998.
  10. K. S. Ha, "Theory and Practice of Entrepreneurship", p.22-48, ISBN978-89-94236-38-4, Myungkyungsa, 2012 Aug. 30
  11. K. E. Mang, J. Y. Jung, "Korea Mental Health & Productivity" KPC, (cited 2014 May 19)
  12. Y. H. Kim, K. J. Yun, K. Y. Kim, "OECD Nation's Well-being Index", p.9-29, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, 2009,,d.dGI&cad=rjt
  13. J. S. An, Y. S. Chong, S. G. Seo, "The relationships among the matured aging attitude, successful aging and psycho-social matured aging", The Korean Journal of Developmental Psychology 2013. vol. 26. No. 2, 127-143
  14. King James Version, "The Holy Bible", Psalms 37:28(p.563) and Psalms 99:4(p.592) Isaiah 61:8(p.699-700), Job 34:17(p.541), Proverbs 29;1(P.637), Jeremiah 5:1(p.708), World of God Preservation Society, 1998.
  15. Wikipedia, "Social Justice",
  16. D. I. Jang, "Theory of Justice", p.225-273, Institute of Philosophy, Seoul National University, 2005
  17. J. Park, "Bestimmung des Menschen : Zur Mundigkeit der Kultur und Wiederaufnahme der Moralitat", Institute of Human, Environment and Future No. 1, 2008.12, 73-121 (49 pages),
  18. T. M. Song, "The Comparative Analysis Characteristics of suicide in Baby boom and Echo Generations", p.1-8, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, ISSN 2092-7117, 2013. Mar. 08
  19. S. J. Lee, K. H. Jung, E. J. Kang, S. Kang, S. Y. Lee, Y. A. Kim, "Socio-economic factors and ploicy implication of elderly suicide", p.49-53, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, 2009
  20. S. C. Park, "The Incorruptibility of the Soul, the Resurrection of the Body, and the Concept of the 'Person' in the works of Thomas Aquinas", p.99-151, 1226-7007 KCI, Institute of Philosophy, Seoul National University, No.45, 2012,
  21. K. Y. Shin, J. W. Shin, D. R. Ju, S. H. Lee, "Welfare and Social Justice", Institute for Democracy and Policies, p.48-56,
  22. K. S. Hwang, "Fair and equitable, the conditions of social justice", 2011, /Pdf/05-01(1).pdf
  23. Y. S. Jang, "Suicide Status and Policy Issues in Korea", Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, 2012 Nov. 23, t&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#newwindow=1&q=%EC%9A%B0%EB%A6%AC%EB%82%98%EB%9D%BC%EC%9D%98%20%EC%9E%90%EC%82%B4%EC%8B%A4%ED%83%9C%EC%99%80%20%EC%A0%95%EC%B1%85%EA%B3%BC%EC%A0%9C
  24. I. S. Kwak, "Life Satisfaction of Future Elderly and the Elderly", p.107-120, Family and Environment Research
  25. S. H. Han, "Roadmap for Purpose Oriented Education", p.157-189, PCTS Center for Teaching & Learning, 5_Pro_HanSH.pdf
  26. Y. M. Ko, "Creativity Index, Issue Paper 2013.3", Korea Institute of Science and Technology Evaluation and Planning, 2013 May
  27. D. B. Kim, " The study on thr Development of the korean Elderly's Successful Aging Scale", p.211-231, Vol.60. No.1, Korea Journal of Welfare. 2008