DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Drying Methods on the Saponin and Mineral Contents of Platycodon grandiflorum Radix

도라지 뿌리의 건조방법에 따른 무기 성분 및 사포닌 함량의 변화

Lee, Byung-Jin;Jeon, Seung-Ho;Lee, Shin-Woo;Chun, Hyun-Sik;Cho, Young-Son
이병진;전승호;이신우;전현식;조영손

  • Received : 2014.05.16
  • Accepted : 2014.08.05
  • Published : 2014.10.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to provide basic information about the drying methods (daylight, hot-air, and freeze drying) used for Platycodon grandiflorum radix. We investigated the mineral, free sugar, and saponin contents of dried P. grandiflorum. The potassium and calcium contents of hot-air-dried samples were the highest (22.6 and 9.2 mg%, respectively), when compared to those of daylight- or freeze-dried samples. Glucose and sucrose contents were the highest in freeze-dried samples (1,552 and 145.0 mg%, respectively), while fructose content was the highest in hot-air-dried samples (611.9 mg%). Platycodin D content was the highest in hot-air-dried samples (622.0 mg%); however platycodin D3, polygalacin D, and deapioplatycodin D contents were the highest in daylight-dried plant (113.5, 756.6, and 109.2 mg%, respectively). Glucose content was highly negatively correlated (p<0.01) with platycodin D, platycodin D3, and deapioplatycodin D (-0.924, -0.957, -0.861, p<0.01, respectively). These results suggest that the drying method affects the saponin content of P. grandiflorum and daylight and hot-air drying methods are more suitable and beneficial than freeze-drying.

Keywords

drying methods;free sugar;Platycodon grandiflorum;saponin

References

  1. Lim KH. A Medicinal Phytology (The details) Dong Myoung Sa, Seoul, Korea. p 281. (1971)
  2. Sung NJ, Seo JK. Medical action of perennial Platycodi Radix proceeding Inst. Agr. Res. Utill. Symposium for 50th Anniversary GSNU. 35-47 (1998)
  3. Ahn KS, Noh EJ, Zhao HL, Jung SH, Kang SS, Kim YS. Inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase II by Platycodon grandiflorum saponins via suppression of nuclear factor- kB activation in RAW 264.7 cells. Life Sci. 76: 2315-2328 (2005) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2004.10.042
  4. Kim HK, Choi JS, Yoo DS, Choi YH, Yon GH, Hong KS, Lee BH, Kim HJ, Kim EH, Park BK, Jeong YC, Kim YS, Ryu SY. HPLC analysis of saponins in platycodi radix. Korean J. Pharmacogn. 38:192-196 (2007)
  5. Tada T, Kaneiwa Y, Shoji J, Shibat S. Saponins of the root of P. grandiflorum isolation and the structure of platycodin D. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 23: 2965-2969 (1975) https://doi.org/10.1248/cpb.23.2965
  6. Kim HJ, Cho YS. Characteristics of rhizome rot incidence of Platycodon grandiflorus by ridge width and depth and cultivation period in the seeding place. Korean J. Medicinal Crop Sci. 19: 246-250 (2011) https://doi.org/10.7783/KJMCS.2011.19.4.246
  7. Moon SG, Jeong SH, Choi CM. Classification of the edible plants on the market in Busan. Korean. J. Life Sci. 13: 764-774 (2003) https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2003.13.6.764
  8. Konishi T, Tada A, Shoji J, Tanaka O. The structures of platycodin A and C, monoacetylated saponins of the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 26: 668-670 (1976)
  9. Choi CY, Kim JY, Kim YS, Chung YC, Seo JK, Jeong HG. Aqueous extract isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum elicits the release of nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-alpha from murine macrophages. Int. Immunopharmacol. 1: 1141-1151 (2001) https://doi.org/10.1016/S1567-5769(01)00047-9
  10. Zhao HL, Cho KH, Ha YW, Jeong TS, Lee WS, Kim YS. Cholesterol- lowering effect of platycodin D in hypercholesterolemic ICR mice. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 537: 166-173 (2006) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2006.03.032
  11. Kim YS, Kim JS, Choi SU, Kim JS, Lee HS, Roh SH, Jeong YC, Kim YK, Ryu SY. Isolation of a new saponin and cytotoxic effect of saponins from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum on human tumor cell lines. Planta Med. 71: 566-568 (2005) https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-864161
  12. Kim YP, Lee EB, Kim SY, Li D, Ban HS, Lim SS, Shin KH, Ohuchi K. Inhibition of prostaglandin E2 production by platycodin D isolated from the root of platycodon grandiflorum. Planta Med. 67: 362-364 (2001) https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2001-14317
  13. Lee HY, Kang RH, Kim YS, Chung SI, Yoon YS. Platycodin D inhibits adipogenesis of 3T3 L1 cells by modulating krüppel like factor 2 and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor Y. Phytother. Res. 24:161-167 (2010) https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.3054
  14. Swami SB, Das SK, Maiti B. Convective hot air drying and quality characteristics of bori: A traditional Indian nugget prepared black gran pulse batter. J. Food Eng. 79: 225-233 (2007) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2006.01.064
  15. Lee KJ, Jeong HG. Protective effect of Platycodin Radix on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity. Food Chem. Toxicol. 40: 517-525 (2002) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0278-6915(01)00104-1
  16. Lee KJ, You HJ, Park SJ, Kim YS, Chung YC, Jeong TC, Jeong HG. Hepatoprotective effects of Platycodon grandiflorum on ace-taminophen induced liver damage in mice. Cancer Lett. 174: 73-81 (2001) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3835(01)00678-4
  17. Hwang SY, Choi HM, Lim SY. Total phenolics of dried platycodon grandiflorum and its effect on growth of human cancer cell lines. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 45: 84-89 (2013) https://doi.org/10.9721/KJFST.2013.45.1.84
  18. Kwon GM, Kim JW, Youn KS. Effect of different pre-treatments on the physicochemical and antioxidant activities of cold-vacuum dried peaches. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 45: 466-472 (2013) https://doi.org/10.9721/KJFST.2013.45.4.466
  19. Lee JH, Kim HJ. Vacuum drying kinetics of Asian white radish (Raphanus sativus L.) slices. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 42: 180-186 (2008)
  20. Krokida MK, Maroulis ZB. Quality change druing drying of food materials. In: Drying technology in agriculture and food sciences, Mujumdar AS. Science Publishers Inc., Enfield, NH, USA. pp. 61-106 (2000)
  21. NAAS. Analysis methods for soil chemical properties. Publication No. 11-1390802-000282-01. NAAS, Suwon, Korea. (2010)
  22. Park IS, Kang EM, Kim NS. High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of saponin compounds in Bupleurum falcatum. J. Chromatographic Sci. 38: 229-233 (2000) https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/38.6.229
  23. Lee SJ, SHin SR, Yoon KY. Physicochemical properties of black doraji (Platycodon grandiflorum). Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 45: 422-427 (2013) https://doi.org/10.9721/KJFST.2013.45.4.422
  24. Park Sj, Lee AY, Lee HS, Kim BY, Baik MY. Effect of puffing process on the saponin components in Platycodon grandiflorus (jacqin) A. Decandle. Food Eng.Progress. 16: 164-171 (2012)
  25. Arslan D, Ozcan MM. Evaluation of drying methods with respect to drying kinetics, mineral content and colour characteristics of rosemary leaves. Energ. Convers. Manage. 49:1258-1264 (2008) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2007.08.005
  26. Lee KS, Kim GH, Kim HH, Seong BJ, Lee HC, Lee YG. Physicochemical characteristics on main and fine root of ginseng dried by various temperature with far-infrared drier. Korean J. Medicinal Crop Sci. 16: 211-217 (2008)
  27. Nam KY. The comparative understanding between red ginseng and white ginsengs processed ginsengs (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer). J. Ginseng Res. 29:1-18 (2005) https://doi.org/10.5142/JGR.2005.29.1.001
  28. Choi MY, Oh HS, Kim JH. Changes of physicochemical properties of cultivated codonopsis lanceolata stored at various storage conditions. Korean J. Plant Res. 19: 59-67 (2006)
  29. Seong JD, Kim GS, Kim HT, Park CB, Kim SM. Effect of split application of nitrogen fertilizer on growth and yield in Platycodon grandiflorum A.DC. Korea J. Medicinal Crop Sci. 12: 437-441 (2004)

Cited by

  1. Quality Characteristics of Glutinous Rice Dasik added with Burdock (Arctium lappa) vol.26, pp.1, 2016, https://doi.org/10.17495/easdl.2016.2.26.1.73
  2. Changes in Platycoside Components and Antimicrobial Activities of Bronchus Disease-Inducing Bacteria of Fermented Platycodon grandiflorum Root by Lactic Acid Bacteria vol.45, pp.7, 2016, https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2016.45.7.1017
  3. Safety and Anticancer Effects of Platycodon grandiflorum Extracts vol.44, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2015.44.4.516
  4. Effect of processing method on platycodin D content in Platycodon grandiflorum roots vol.40, pp.9, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12272-017-0946-6
  5. Effect of Saponin Content and Antioxidant Activities of Platycodon grandiflorum Radix by Cutting Length vol.23, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7783/KJMCS.2015.23.5.363
  6. Comparison of quality characteristics of Platycodon grandiflorum according to steaming and fermentation vol.22, pp.6, 2015, https://doi.org/10.11002/kjfp.2015.22.6.851
  7. Effect of Green Manure Crop on Growth and Medicinal Ingredients of Platycodon grandiflorum Radix vol.26, pp.2, 2018, https://doi.org/10.11625/KJOA.2018.26.2.233

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청지원