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수문학적 생태계 서비스를 고려한 북부베트남의 우선보전산림 설정

Establishment of Priority Forest Areas Based on Hydrological Ecosystem Services in Northern Vietnam

  • 공인혜 (한국환경정책.평가연구원 정책연구본부 물환경연구실) ;
  • 이동근 (서울대학교 조경.지역시스템공학부)
  • Kong, Inhye (Division of Water Environment, Environment Policy Group, Korea Environment Institute) ;
  • Lee, Dongkun (Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural System Engineering, Seoul National University)
  • 투고 : 2014.07.25
  • 심사 : 2014.09.08
  • 발행 : 2014.10.31

초록

최근 생태계 서비스의 가치를 정량화하고, 경제적 보상을 통해 보전할 수 있도록 하는 생태계 서비스 직불제 (Payment for Ecosystem Services, PES)에 대한 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. PES를 정책에 반영시키는 것은 생태계 보전과 빈곤경감을 동시에 달성할 수 있는 방안으로 여겨지면서, 주로 개발도상국에서 적극적으로 도입하고 있다. 그 중, 베트남은 선구적으로 PES를 범국가적인 법 제정을 통해 시행하고 있으나, 공간적 정량화를 통한 광범위한 생태계 서비스 평가는 부족한 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 북부 베트남에서 수도 하노이를 흐르는 홍강(Red River)의 상류인 Da 강 유역을 중심으로 수문학적 생태계 서비스를 평가를 통해 우선보전산림을 설정하고자 하였다. 우선 평가를 위해 기본적인 최신의 토지피복지도를 구축하고자 Landsat영상을 통해 토지피복분류를 수행하였다. 그리고 이 지역의 수자원공급 및 토사 유실량 방지의 수문학적 생태계서비스를 평가하기 위해 물수지이론 및 USLE 공식을 도입하였으며, 이를 통해 도출된 서비스량을 산림지역에 한정하여 서비스공급 우위지역을 도출함으로써 우선보전 산림지역으로 설정하도록 제안하고자 하였다. 그 결과, 산림지역 내에서도 지형, 기후, 토지피복에 따라 생태계서비스공급량의 범위가 달라짐을 확인하였으며, 수문학적 생태계 서비스 공급우위지역은 푸롱산(Mt. Phu Luong), 판시판산(Mt.Fanxipan), 호앙리엔 국립공원(Hoang Lien National Park) 등으로 나타났다. 이 연구의 결과는 Da 강 유역에서 생태계 서비스 보전을 위한 우선 지역을 확인하는 것뿐만 아니라, 어느 지역의 토지소유주가 더 보상받아야 하는지를 판별하는데 이용함으로써 보상공유(Benefit Sharing) 달성에 기여할 수 있을 것이다.

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피인용 문헌

  1. The Inclusion of Forest Hydrological Services in the Sustainable Development Strategy of South Korea vol.9, pp.8, 2017, https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081470
  2. Assessment of Economic Value of Ecosystem Service by Using InVEST Model in South Korea vol.8, pp.12, 2017, https://doi.org/10.18178/ijesd.2017.8.12.1063