수문학적 생태계 서비스를 고려한 북부베트남의 우선보전산림 설정

Establishment of Priority Forest Areas Based on Hydrological Ecosystem Services in Northern Vietnam

  • 공인혜 (한국환경정책.평가연구원 정책연구본부 물환경연구실) ;
  • 이동근 (서울대학교 조경.지역시스템공학부)
  • Kong, Inhye (Division of Water Environment, Environment Policy Group, Korea Environment Institute) ;
  • Lee, Dongkun (Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural System Engineering, Seoul National University)
  • 투고 : 2014.07.25
  • 심사 : 2014.09.08
  • 발행 : 2014.10.31


최근 생태계 서비스의 가치를 정량화하고, 경제적 보상을 통해 보전할 수 있도록 하는 생태계 서비스 직불제 (Payment for Ecosystem Services, PES)에 대한 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. PES를 정책에 반영시키는 것은 생태계 보전과 빈곤경감을 동시에 달성할 수 있는 방안으로 여겨지면서, 주로 개발도상국에서 적극적으로 도입하고 있다. 그 중, 베트남은 선구적으로 PES를 범국가적인 법 제정을 통해 시행하고 있으나, 공간적 정량화를 통한 광범위한 생태계 서비스 평가는 부족한 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 북부 베트남에서 수도 하노이를 흐르는 홍강(Red River)의 상류인 Da 강 유역을 중심으로 수문학적 생태계 서비스를 평가를 통해 우선보전산림을 설정하고자 하였다. 우선 평가를 위해 기본적인 최신의 토지피복지도를 구축하고자 Landsat영상을 통해 토지피복분류를 수행하였다. 그리고 이 지역의 수자원공급 및 토사 유실량 방지의 수문학적 생태계서비스를 평가하기 위해 물수지이론 및 USLE 공식을 도입하였으며, 이를 통해 도출된 서비스량을 산림지역에 한정하여 서비스공급 우위지역을 도출함으로써 우선보전 산림지역으로 설정하도록 제안하고자 하였다. 그 결과, 산림지역 내에서도 지형, 기후, 토지피복에 따라 생태계서비스공급량의 범위가 달라짐을 확인하였으며, 수문학적 생태계 서비스 공급우위지역은 푸롱산(Mt. Phu Luong), 판시판산(Mt.Fanxipan), 호앙리엔 국립공원(Hoang Lien National Park) 등으로 나타났다. 이 연구의 결과는 Da 강 유역에서 생태계 서비스 보전을 위한 우선 지역을 확인하는 것뿐만 아니라, 어느 지역의 토지소유주가 더 보상받아야 하는지를 판별하는데 이용함으로써 보상공유(Benefit Sharing) 달성에 기여할 수 있을 것이다.


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피인용 문헌

  1. The Inclusion of Forest Hydrological Services in the Sustainable Development Strategy of South Korea vol.9, pp.8, 2017,
  2. Assessment of Economic Value of Ecosystem Service by Using InVEST Model in South Korea vol.8, pp.12, 2017,