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A Validation Study of Temperature Field Predicted by Computational Fire Model for Spray Fire in a Multi-Compartment

다중구획공간내 분무화재시 화재해석모델의 온도장 검증연구

  • Received : 2014.06.19
  • Accepted : 2014.10.17
  • Published : 2014.10.31

Abstract

The present study has been conducted to investigate the validity of the computational fire model and the results predicted by BRANZFIRE zone model and FDS field model are compared with a real scale fire test with spray fire in a multi-compartment. The liquid spray fires fueled with toluene and methanol are used as the fire source and the quantitative measurement of heat release rate is performed in an isolated ISO-9705 compartment with a standard door opening. The temperature field predicted by FDS model showed good agreement with the measurement in the fire room and the corridor, and BRANZFIRE model also gave acceptable result in spite of its simplicity and roughness. The mean temperature predicted by FDS model corresponds with measurement within maximum discrepancy range of 25% and the overall mean value of FDS model matched well with experimental data less than 10%. This study can contribute to establish the limitation and application scope of computational fire model and provide reference data for applying to reliable fire risk assessment.

다중구획공간내의 분무화재에 대하여 화재해석모델의 타당성을 파악하기 위해 BRANZFIRE 존 모델과 FDS 필드모델의 해석결과를 실화재 실험결과와 비교하였다. 분무화재 형성에 사용된 연료는 톨루엔과 메탄올이며 개방된 ISO-9705 공간에서 화재실험을 수행하여 발열량을 측정하였다. 화재발생공간과 복도공간에서 FDS 모델의 예측온도는 실험결과와 잘 일치하였으며 존 모델의 경우도 해석모델의 단순함에도 불구하고 만족할 만한 결과를 제공했다. FDS 모델의 타당성을 평가한 결과, 화재해석의 평균온도는 최대 오차 25% 범위에서 실험결과와 일치하고 있으며 전체 위치에 대한 평균값은 ${\pm}10%$ 이내로 신뢰할 만한 결과를 제공했다. 본 연구는 타당성 평가를 바탕으로 화재해석모델의 적용범위를 확대하고 모델한계를 설정함과 동시에 신뢰성 높은 화재안전성 평가에 활용하기 위한 근거자료를 제공하고자 한다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 소방방재청

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