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Distribution Characteristics of Total Nitrogen Components in Streams by Watershed Characteristics

유역특성에 따른 하천에서의 존재형태별 질소 분포 특성 비교

  • Park, Jihyoung (Watershed and Total Load Management Research Division, Water Environment Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Sohn, Sumin (Watershed and Total Load Management Research Division, Water Environment Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Yongseok (Watershed and Total Load Management Research Division, Water Environment Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research)
  • 박지형 (국립환경과학원 물환경연구부 유역총량연구과) ;
  • 손수민 (국립환경과학원 물환경연구부 유역총량연구과) ;
  • 김용석 (국립환경과학원 물환경연구부 유역총량연구과)
  • Received : 2014.06.27
  • Accepted : 2014.08.22
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

The temporal and spatial analyses of total nitrogen (TN) fractionation were conducted in order to understand 1) total nitrogen components in streams and 2) their patterns in rainy and dry seasons. The result showed that the concentration of nitrogen components in stream water was lower in non-urban area and getting higher in urban area. Dissolved total nitrogen (DTN) was 95~97.7% of total nitrogen in streams, and the proportion of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and ammonia nitrogen ($NH_3-N$) was higher with increasing urban area. The concentration of total nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen ($NO_3-N$) were highest in winter among four seasons. The result was showed that concentration of $NH_3-N$ was same variation as concentrations of TN and $NO_3-N$ in urban-rural complex and urban areas, except rural areas. During rainy season, concentrations of particulate organic nitrogen (PON) and $NH_3-N$ increased in rural areas and decreased in both urban-rural complex and urban areas. Correlation between total nitrogen components and land uses was positively correlated with site > paddy, and negatively correlated with forest. The variation of total nitrogen concentration was determined by $NO_3-N$ in non-urban areas, by $NO_3-N$ and $NH_3-N$ in urban-rural complex and by $NH_3-N$ in the urban areas.

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