인터넷 게임 과몰입이 청소년의 자살생각에 미치는 영향: 우울감의 매개효과 분석

Effect of Internet Game Overflow on Suicidal Ideation among Adolescents: Analysis of the Mediating Effect of Depressive Mood

  • 민다경 (연세대학교 사회복지대학원) ;
  • 이한나 (연세대학교 사회복지대학원) ;
  • 송인한 (연세대학교 사회복지대학원)
  • Min, Dakyung (Yonsei University Graduate School of Social Welfare) ;
  • Lee, Hanna (Yonsei University Graduate School of Social Welfare) ;
  • Song, In Han (Yonsei University Graduate School of Social Welfare)
  • 투고 : 2014.07.05
  • 심사 : 2014.09.20
  • 발행 : 2014.09.28


청소년의 인터넷 게임 과몰입이 정신건강에 부정적 영향을 미친다는 주장이 제기되어 왔다. 특히, 높은 자살률은 우리사회의 심각한 정신건강의 문제로 알려져 있다. 본 연구는 청소년의 인터넷 게임 과몰입이 자살생각에 미치는 영향과, 그 두 변수 사이에서 우울감이 가지는 매개효과를 검증함으로써, 인터넷 게임 과몰입, 우울감과 자살생각 간의 관계를 조사하고자 하였다. 이를 위해 한국청소년정책연구원의 2012년 한국 아동 청소년 정신건강 실태조사연구(N=8,745)를 분석하였다. 주요 분석 결과로는 첫째, 척도의 위험성 기준으로 볼 때 약 5.6%의 청소년이 위험군에 속하는 것으로 발견되었다. 둘째, 두 변인의 관계만을 고려하였을 때, 청소년의 인터넷 게임 과몰입이 자살생각에 유의미한 영향을 주는 것으로 발견되었다. 셋째, 그러나, 인터넷 게임 과몰입과 자살생각 사이에서 우울감이 완전매개효과를 가져, 인터넷 게임 과몰입은 우울감을 증가시킴으로써 자살생각을 증가시키는 관계를 가지는 것으로 분석되었다. 실천적 함의로서, 청소년의 인터넷 게임 과몰입과 정신건강 문제에 개입함의 필요성을 논의하였다.


  1. National Information Society Agency, A study on current status of internet addiction, Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, 2013
  2. Eun-Kyung Lee & Me-Kyung, Song, A Study for Prevention and Counseling of Youth Game Over-flow of Wee Center, Youth Culture Forum, Vol. 36, pp. 86-114, 2013
  3. Kyung-Ok Lee, Min-Hwa Kim, Seung-Ok Kim & Hye-Su Kim, A Study of the Development of Internet Game Addiction Scale for Children and Adolescents, National Information Society Agency, 2006
  4. The Korea Times, Korean Teens Fall Prey to New Disorder Internet Addiction, 2010. 3. 24, (
  5. Edaily News, Bill on game addiction in reality, How can it be changed?, 2014. 7. 18, (
  6. Eun-Jung Kim & Hanna Kim, The effects of violent versus nonviolent internet games on adolescent internet addicts' thoughts, feelings, and behavior, Korean journal of youth studies, Vol. 14, No. 5, pp. 375-405, 2007
  7. Kyung-Hyun Seo, Addiction to Internet Game, Stress Responses, Subjective Well-being, Life Motivation, and Life Satisfaction Expectancy among Male High School Students, Korean journal of youth studies, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 217-236, 2013
  8. Nam-Suk Kwon & Jee-Hyun Lee, The Influential Factors related to Internet Game Addiction among Male Middle School Students in Ulsan: Focusing on Learning Motivation, School Adjustment, Self-control, Self-esteem, The Korean Society of School Health, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 13-25, 2013
  9. Statistics Korea, 2013, (
  10. Young-Sik Jang, Issue & Focus : The suicidal status and policy issues in Korea, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, 2012
  11. Bo-Young, Kim & Jung-Sook Lee, A Meta-Analysis of Variables Related to Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents, Korean Academy of Nursing Journal, Vol. 39, No. 5, pp. 651-661, 2009
  12. Young-Suk Park, Protective and Risk Factors Related to Suicidal Ideation among Korean Adolescents : An Approach Centered on School-Related Stress, Parent Relations and Peer Relations for Academic and Vocational High School Students, Korean journal of youth studies, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 221-251, 2009
  13. Se-Won Kwon, Dong-Eun Lee, Eun-Hye Jang, & Gee-Ju Han, The Effect of Experiences of School Violence Victimization in Middle School on Suicidal Ideation among High School Students: The Mediating Effect of Depression, Korean journal of youth studies, Vol. 20, No. 11, pp. 205-231, 2013
  14. Petersen, A. C., Compas, B. E., Brooks-Gunn, J., Stemmler, M., Ey, S., & Grant, K. E., Depression in adolescence. American Psychologist, Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 155-168, 1993
  15. Ng, B. D. & Wiemer-Hastings, P., Addiction to the internet and online gaming. CyberPsychology & Behavior, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 110-113, 2005
  16. Kim, E. J., Namkoong, K., Ku, T., & Kim, S. J., The relationship between online game addiction and aggression, self-control and narcissistic personality traits. European Psychiatry, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 212-218, 2008
  17. Hur, M. H., Current trends of Internet Addiction Disorder research: a review of 2000-2008 Korean academic journal articles. Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 187-201, 2012
  18. Young, K. S., Internet Addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder, CyberPsychology & Behavior, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 237-244, 1998
  19. Young, K. S., & Rogers, R. C., The relationship between depression and Internet addiction. CyberPsychology & Behavior, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 25-28, 1998
  20. Jee-Suk Lee, A Study on the relationships between impulsivity, aspects of social support, and suicidal ideation among middle school students: Focus on the moderating effect of social support, Korean Journal of future youth, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 1-22, 2013
  21. Gi-Suk Kho & Jee-Suk Lee, Effect of Internet Addiction and Depression on Suicidal Ideation among Adolescents, The Korean Journal of School Social Workers, No. 25, pp. 131-156, 2013
  22. Eun-Ryung Jeon, Hun-Jung Lee, Byung-Chul Cheon, Internet Addiction, Depression and Suicidal Ideation among Adolescents, The Korean Society of School Health, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 214-221, 2012
  23. Hye-In Choi, Duk-In Jeon, Myung-Hun Jung, Narei Hong, Jae-Jin Kim, Jung-Eun Song, Ki-Hwan Yook & Hyun-Ju Hong, Suicidal Behavior and Internet Use in Adolescent Depression, Korean J Psychopharmacology, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 65-73. 2012
  24. Yong-Jun Kwon & Yeong-Hee Kim, Effects of Family Functioning & Adolescents' Self-Regulation on Online Game Overflow and School Adjustment, Korean journal of youth studies, Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 99-121, 2011
  25. Hee-Jung Koo, The Effects of Resilience and Temperament on Young Children's Internet Game Overindulgence, Korea Journal of Child Care and Education, Vol. 83, pp. 201-220. 2013
  26. Hyun-Ji Lee, & Il-Kwon Jeong. The Effects of Leisure Activity on Teenager's Game Overuse, Speech & Communication, Vol. 16, pp. 75-104, 2011
  27. Beck, A. T., Depression: Clinical, experimental, and theoretical aspects, University of Pennsylvania Press, Vol. 32, 1967
  28. Min-Kyu Lee, Young-Ho Lee, Se-Hyun Park, Chang-Ho Shon, Young-Jo Jung, Seong-Guk Hong, Byung-Kwan Lee, Philips Jang, Aeri Yoon, Reliability and Factor Analysis=A Standardization Study of Beck Depression Inventory 1-Korean Version (K-BDI), The Korean Journal of Psychopathology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 77-95. 1995
  29. Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A., The moderator- mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations, Journal of personality and social psychology, Vol. 51, No. 6, pp. 1173-1182, 1986
  30. Iacobucci, D., Mediation analysis and categorical variables: The final frontier. Journal of Consumer Psychology, pp. 582-594, 2012

피인용 문헌

  1. Psychological Serious Game Scenario for Teenagers Self Identity Based on Religious Wisdom Narratives vol.13, pp.1, 2015,
  2. Behavioral and psychosocial factors associated with suicidal ideation among adolescents vol.20, pp.3, 2018,