# 규칙적 신체활동이 남자대학생의 건강상태 및 건강증진 생활양식에 미치는 영향

• 남정혜 (고려대학교 일반대학원 보건과학과 보건행정학전공) ;
• 이명철 (경민대학교 레저스포츠과) ;
• 이채경 (경민대학교 보건행정과)
• Accepted : 2014.09.20
• Published : 2014.09.28
• 117 28

#### Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the association between regular exercise habit, self-rated health status, health practice index, and health promotion lifestyle profile among 241 college male students from Gyeonggi-do. Subjects were divided into two groups: students majoring in physical education(PE) and students who are not majoring in PE. The average BMI were $22.77{\pm}2.74$ among PE majors and $21.57{\pm}4.30$ among the other group. PE majors showed higher results in all of physiological, subjective and social health conditions. Both groups showed low scores in health practice index, which were $2.86{\pm}1.10$ among PE majors and $2.97{\pm}1.46$ among non-PE majors, showing no difference in statistical significance. Index for health promoting lifestyle practices were somewhat higher among PE majors; however, there were no statistical significance with the results of $123.38{\pm}19.93$ among PE majors and $119.98{\pm}22.04$ among non-PE majors. The analysis on the index for health promoting lifestyle practices in sub-categories showed that PE majors showed significantly higher scores compared with non-PE majors in physical activities area and vice versa in nutrition area.

#### Keywords

Physical education;Health status;Health practice index;Health promotion lifestyle

#### References

1. S. J. Kim & E. S. An, College women's health concept and health behavior. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 264-274, 1997.
2. N. B. Belloc, & L. Breslow, Relationship of physical health status and health practices. Preventive Medicine, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 409-421, 1972. https://doi.org/10.1016/0091-7435(72)90014-X
3. R. A. Fried, D. C. Iverson, & J. P. Nagel, The Clinician's health promotion handbook, Department of health and human services. Mercy Medical Center, United States, pp. 157-158. 1985.
4. M. S. Kim, D. H. Bae, C. W. Lee, M. K. Oh, & B. B. Youn, Health-promoting life styles of older adults compared with young and middle-aged adults. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, Vol, 12, No, 1, pp. 16-21. 1991.
5. L. W. Green., & J. Raeburn., Contemporary developments in health promotion: definitions and challenges. In N. Bracht(ed.). Health promotion at the community level. Newbury Park, CA : Sage, pp. 29-44. 1990.
6. H. S. Kim, A study on health of high school students. The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 89-100, 1993.
7. H. J. Lim, & S. M. Seo, Physical fitness according to body fat and physical activity levels in women university students. The Korean Society of Living Environmental System, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 557-562, 2010.
8. B. K. Kim, M. S. Jung, & C. H. Han, Health promoting behavior of university students and related factors. Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 59-85, 2002.
9. Statistics Korea report on the social survey2012.
10. Korea health statistics Korea national health and nutrition examination survey. Ministry health and welfare, 2012.
11. S. S. Na, The effect of walking on blood pressure and serum lipid in elderly women in their sixties. Korea Sport Research, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 1141-1150, 2004.
12. J. H. Shin, Identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors in middle-aged women. Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 1025-1031, 2008.
13. Y. D. Ahn, A study on physical activity for one week in elementary school boys. Journal of Korea Sport Research, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 545-556, 2007.
14. J. H. Shin, Y. D. An, J. O. Lee, & M. S. Kang, Physical activity and eating behaviors of grade school children. Diversity in Physical Activity and Health : Measurement and Research Issues and Challenges, The Cooper Institute in Dallas, Texas, 2007.
15. D. J. Anspaugh, M. H. Hamrick, & F. D. Rosato, Wellness: Concepts and Applications. Mosby, 1997.
16. B. B. Alford, Nutrition during the life cycle. Prentice Hall College Div., 1982.
17. I. H. Lee, Changes in dietary patterns of Korean state influence on health and disease. Journal of the Korean Society of Dietary Culture, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 359-372, 1993.
18. B. H. Brubaker, Health promotion : A linguistic analysis. Advances in Nursing Science, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 1-14, 1983.
19. Enable school athletic plans. The Ministry of Education, 2013.
20. A. K. Han, & D. S. Jo, A study on physiological parameters, health perception, and health behavior of adults in Kyungi province area. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 314, No. 4, pp. 631-640, 2001. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2001.31.4.631
21. J. E. Ware, Scales for measuring general health perceptions. Health Services Research, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 396-415, 1976.
22. M. P. Lawton, M. Moss, M. Fulcomer, & M. H. Kleban. A research and service oriented multi-level assessment instrument.Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 91-99, 1982. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronj/37.1.91
23. S. N. Walker, K. R. Sechrist, & N. J. Pender, The health promoting lifestyle profile: development and psychometric characteristics. Nurs Res., Vol. 36, No 2, pp. 76-81, 1987.
24. H. M. Seo, Construction of health promoting behaviors model in elderly. Ph.D. dissertation, Seoul National University, 2001.
25. K. A. Nam, An investigation into psychosocial variables associated with alcohol related problems of college students. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 501-511, 2009.
26. N. S. Oh, J. Y. Park, & C. H. Han, Health promoting behaviors and related factors for college students by type of residence. Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 27-40, 2011.
27. Y. J. Back, & I. S. Kim, A study on health promoting lifestyle of hospital nurses. The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Adult Nursing, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 477-489, 2000.
28. H. S. Choi, H. J. Choi, K. E. Hong, B. S. Kim, & H. R. Choi, A study on health behaviors of college freshmen. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, Vol. 17, No. 8, pp. 633-641, 1996.
29. G. A. Kang, Factors related to health promoting behaviors of sixth grade elementary school students. The Graduate School of Education, Ewha Womans University, 1991.
30. K. S. Ki, Affecting the health care practices of middle school boys factors research. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 15, No 1, pp. 59-75, 1985.
31. H. K. Kim, Gender differences in health promoting behavior and related factors among university students using Pender's health promotion model. The Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 21, pp. 198-219, 2007.
32. M. S. Goldstein, J. M. Siege, & R. Boyer, Predicting change in perceived health status. American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 74, No. 6, pp. 611-614, 1984. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.74.6.611
33. P. A. Thoits, Multiple identities and psychological well-being: A reformulation of the social isolation hypothesis. American Sociological Review, Vol. 48, pp. 174-187, 1983. https://doi.org/10.2307/2095103
34. E. J. Ryu, Y. M. Kwon, & K. S. Lee, A study on psychosocial well-being and health promoting lifestyle practices of university students. Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 49-60, 2001.
35. E. H. Huh, Y. K. Chung, & S. G. Yeoum, A study on the relations between a health promoting daily life style and self-efficiency in university students. The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 203-215, 1998.