Effects of Peer Relationship Skills on Alternative School Students' School Adjustment

대안학교학생들의 학교적응에 영향을 미치는 변인연구: 또래관계기술을 중심으로

  • Ko, Ok Ran (Dept. of Family Environment & Welfare, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Jeonghwa (Dept. of Family Environment & Welfare, Chonnam National University)
  • 고옥란 (전남대학교 생활환경복지학과) ;
  • 이정화 (전남대학교 생활환경복지학과)
  • Received : 2013.11.29
  • Accepted : 2014.09.02
  • Published : 2014.09.30


Recent years have witnessed an increasing number of alternative school students in Korea. However, few studies have empirically examined these students' school adjustment and peer relationship skills. To address this gap in the literature, this study examines the effects of individual characteristics, family characteristics and peer relationship skills on these students' school adjustment. Four aspects of school adjustment were measured as dependent variables. These four aspects included peer relationship adjustment, relationships with teachers, school environment adjustment, and schoolwork attitude adjustment. The peer relationship skills included three components, namely initiative, mutual closeness, and order awareness. Data were collected from 323 alternative middle and high school students through a structured questionnaire. The statistical analysis methods included descriptive statistics and a hierarchical regression analysis using SPSS WIN 19.0. According to the results, peer relationship skills as well as family background characteristics, including the age of the father, the education level of the father, the family economic level, and the number of close family members, had significant effects on school adjustment. The results highlight the importance of peer relationship skills for these students' successful school adjustment and have important policy and theoretical implications.


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