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Bioactive Compound Contents and Antioxidant Activity in Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa ) Leaves Collected at Different Growth Stages

  • Thi, Nhuan Do (Department of Nutrition and Culinary Science, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Hwang, Eun-Sun (Korean Foods Global Center, Hankyong National University)
  • Received : 2014.04.28
  • Accepted : 2014.07.08
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

The bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of aronia leaves at different stages of maturity were identified and evaluated. Young and old leaves were approximately 2 months of age and 4 months of age, respectively. The young leaves contained more polyphenols and flavonoids than the old leaves. Three phenolic compounds (i.e., chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, and rutin) were detected by HPLC. Antioxidant activity was measured using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical, and superoxide anion radical scavenging assays. The reducing power of aronia leaf extracts increased in a concentration-dependent manner ($0{\sim}100{\mu}g/mL$). The antioxidant activity of the 80% ethanol extract was greater than that of distilled water extract. The high phenolic compound content indicated that these compounds contribute to antioxidant activity. The overall results indicate that aronia leaves contain bioactive compounds, and that younger aronia leaves may be more favorable for extracting antioxidative ingredients because they contain more polyphenols.

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