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Comparisons of Adsorption-Desorption Characteristics of Major 10 Kinds Components Consisting of Gasoline Vapor

유증기를 구성하는 주요 10종류 성분의 온도에 따른 흡·탈착특성 비교

  • Lee, Song-Woo (Department of Chemical Engineering., Pukyong National University) ;
  • Na, Young-Soo (Segye Chem. Co., Led., R & D Center) ;
  • Lee, Min-Gyu (Department of Chemical Engineering., Pukyong National University)
  • Received : 2014.06.24
  • Accepted : 2014.09.02
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

Adsorption and desorption characteristics of the representative 10 kinds components consisting of gasoline vapor on activated carbon were investigated at the temperature range of $-30^{\circ}C{\sim}25^{\circ}C$. The breakthrough curves of each vapors obtained by the Thomas model were well described the breakthrough experimental results of this study. The breakthrough times of each vapors were correlated with the molecular weight, density, and vapor pressure. The breakthrough times had greater correlation with boiling point than molecular weight and density. The slope of the breakthrough curve was a proportional relationship with the rate constant (k) of Thomas model expression. The higher the slope of the breakthrough curve, the rate constant was larger. The biggest slope vapor had the smallest adsorption capacity ($q_e$). Adsorption and desorption characteristics of mixed vapor similar to the gasoline vapor were studied at room temperature ($25^{\circ}C$). The mixed vapor consisting of 9 components; group A (pentane, hexene, hexane), group B (benzene, toluene), group C (octane, ethylbenzene, xylene, nonane) was examined. Group A was not nearly adsorbed because of substitution by group C, and the desorption capacity of group A was smaller than group C. The adsorbed substances were confirmed to be Group C.

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