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Are Primary Health Care Workers Aware of Cervical Cancer Risk?

  • Can, Huseyin (Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Katip Celebi University, Ataturk Education and Research Hospital) ;
  • Erdem, Ozgur (Kayapinar Family Health Center Number 9) ;
  • Oztekin, Coskun (Family Health Center Number 11) ;
  • Celik, Sercan Bulut (Family Health Center Number 11) ;
  • Onde, Mete (Community Health Center Number 1) ;
  • Celepkolu, Tahsin (Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University) ;
  • Ongel, Kurtulus (Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Katip Celebi University, Ataturk Education and Research Hospital)
  • Published : 2014.08.30

Abstract

Background: We here examined the awareness of female health employees (doctors, nurses, midwives) working in primary health care service about cervical cancer and its risk factors. Additionally attitude and behavior for gynecologic examination and pap smear screening wwere researched. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study con cerned female health employees working at primary health care services in two southern cities of Turkey, over a four month period in 2013. Participants were recently or previously sexually active research was explained and verbal informed consent was obtained face to face. The questionnaire consisted of two parts; socio-demographic characteristics and level of knowledge about cervical cancer and its risk factors. Results: The average age of the participants (midwives 43.7%, n=143; nurses 40.4%, n=132; doctors 6.4%, n=21; emergency medical technicians and others, 9.5%, n=31; total, n=327) was $30.9{\pm}6.41$ years. 64.2% (n=210) were working in Diyarbakir and 35.8% (n=117) in Batman. A large proportion reported low knowledge and inadequate screening practice Conclusions: Health employees should be better informed about the importance of screening for cancers, given their preventive roles for the general population.

Keywords

Cervical cancer;primary healthcare workers;Pap smear;knowledge

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