- Volume 15 Issue 16
DOI QR Code
Health Beliefs and Breast Self-Examination among Female University Nursing Students in Turkey
- Erbil, Nulufer (Department of Nursing, School of Health, Ordu University) ;
- Bolukbas, Nurgul (Department of Nursing, School of Health, Ordu University)
- 발행 : 2014.08.30
Background: The aim of this study was to determine the health beliefs and knowledge about breast self examination (BSE) and the actual BSE habits of female university nursing students. Materials and Methods: The study sample recruited 189 nursing students who agreed to participate in the study. Descriptive statistics, the Mann-Whitney U test, one way ANOVA test, t test and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyse the data. Results: 83.1% of nursing students had knowledge about breast cancer (BC) and BSE in the study. BSE was practiced by 70.4% of nursing students; 21.8% of them performed BSE regularly. A fear of developing BC was an incentive for 85% of nursing students to practice BSE. The confidence subscale scores in the third and fourth years of students' university education were higher, and the barrier subscale score in these same years was lower than their first years of study. Perception of benefit of nursing students experiencing breast-related discomfort exerted a positive effect. Nursing students with lower perception of barriesr performed BSE regularly. In conclusion, nursing students' years of university study, breast cancer knowledge, history of breast cancer in family, and BSE practice status were factors affecting their health beliefs. Conclusions: These study results indicate the importance of developing education and training programs which educate not only nursing students but all women about breast cancer, its symptoms, the importance of early diagnosis and of regular BSE.
- Akhtari-Zavare M, Juni MH, Said S, et al (2013). Beliefs and behavior of Malaysia undergraduate female students in a public university toward breast self-examination practice. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 57-61. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.1.57
- Alsaif AA (2004). Breast self examination among Saudi female nursing students in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J, 25, 1574-8.
- American Cancer Society (2014). American Cancer Society recommendations for early breast cancer detection. http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breastcancer-detection (Accessed: 28.02.2014).
- Anderson BO, Yip CH, Smith RA, et al (2008). Guideline implementation for breast healthcare in low-income and middle-income countries: overview of the Breast Health Global Initiative Global Summit 2007. Cancer, 113, 2221-43. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.23844
- Aslan A, Temiz M, Yigit Y, et al (2007). The knowledge attitude and behaviorus of nursery students about breast cancer. TAF Prev Med Bull, 6, 193-8.
- Balkaya N, Memis S, Demirkiran F (2007). The effects of breast self-examination on the performance of nursing and midwifery students: a 6-month follow-up study, J Cancer Educ, 22, 77-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03174352
- Beydag KDT, Karaoglan H (2007). Effect of brest self xamination education to the knowledge and attitudes of female students. TAF Prev Med Bull, 6, 106-11.
- Beydag KD, Yurugen B (2010). The effect of breast selfexamination (Bse) education given to midwifery students on their knowledge and attitudes. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 1761-4.
- Champion VL ( 1984). Instrument development for heaalth belief model constructs. Adv Nurs Sci, 6, 73-85. https://doi.org/10.1097/00012272-198404000-00011
- Champion VL (1993). Instrument refinement for breast cancer screening behaviors. Nurs Res, 42, 139-43.
- Champion VL, Menon U (1997). Predicting mammography and brast self-examination in African American women. Cancer Nurs, 20, 315-22. https://doi.org/10.1097/00002820-199710000-00002
- Champion VL (1999). Revised succeptibility, benefits, and barriers scale for mammography and screening. Res Nurs Health, 22, 341-8. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1098-240X(199908)22:4<341::AID-NUR8>3.0.CO;2-P
- Daley CM (2007). College student's knowledge of risk and screening recommendations for breast, cervical and testicular cancers. J Cancer Educ, 22, 86-90. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03174354
- Erbil N, Bolukbas N (2012). Beliefs, attitudes, and behavior of Turkish women about breast cancer and breast selfexamination according to a Turkish version of the Champion Health Belief Model Scale. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 5823-8. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.11.5823
- Gercek S, Duran O, Yildirim G, et al (2008). Determining the breast cancer and self breast examination belief and the effecting factors among the schoolgirls in state dormitory. J Breast Health, 4, 157-61.
- Globocan (2012). Latest world cancer statistics, http://www.iarc.fr/en media-centre/pr/2013/pdfs/pr223_E.pdf, (Accessed: 2.3. 2014).
- Jirojwong S, McLennan R (2003). Health beliefs, perceived selfefficacy, and breast self-examination among Thai migrants in Brisbane. J Adv Nurs, 41, 241-9. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2003.02552.x
- Karayurt O, Dramali A (2007). Adaptation of champion's health belief model scale for Turkish women and evaluation of the selected variables associated with breast self-examination. Cancer Nurs, 30, 69-77. https://doi.org/10.1097/00002820-200701000-00013
- Karayurt O, Ozmen D, Cetinkaya AC (2008). Awareness of brast cancer risk factors and practice of breast self examination among high school students in Turkey. BMC Public Health, 8, 359. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-359
- Kilic D, Saglam R, Kara O (2009). The examination of the factors affecting the awereness of breast cancer in college students. J Breast Health, 5,195-9.
- Lostao L, Joiner TE, Pettit JW, et al (2001). Health beliefs and illness attitudes as predictors of breast cancer screening attendance. Eur J Public Health, 11, 274-9. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/11.3.274
- Ministry of Health (2014). Turkiye Kanser Istatistikleri. http://www.kanser.gov.tr/ Dosya/ca_istatistik/2009kanseraporu.pdf
- Nahcivan O, Secginli S (2003). Attitudes and behaviors toward breast cancer early detection: Using the health belief model as a guide. J Cumhuriyet University School of Nursing, 7, 733-8.
- Ozkan A, Malak AT, Gurkan A, et al (2010). Do Turkish nursing and midwifery students teach breast self-examination to their relatives?. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 111-5.
- Plesnicar A, Golicnic M, Kralj B (2004). Midwifey students and breast self examination. Breast J, 10, 560. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1075-122X.2004.21551.x
- Rosenberg R, Levy-Schwartz R (2003). Breast cancer in women younger than 40 years. Int J Fertil, 48, 200-5.
- Lu ZJ (2001). Effectiveness of breast self-examination nursing interventions for Taiwanese community target groups. J Adv Nurs, 34,163-70. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01741.x
- Thomas B, Stamler LL, Lafreniere KD, Delahunt TD (2002). Breast health educational interventions. Changes in beliefs and practices of working women. AAOHN J, 50, 460-7.
- WHO (2014). Breast cancer: prevention and control. http:// www.who.int/cancer/ detection/ breastcancer/en/index3. html. (Accessed: 28.02.2014).
- Yucel SC, Orgun F, Tokem Y, et al (2014). Determining the factors that affect breast cancer and self breast examination beliefs of Turkish nurses in academia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 1275-80. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.3.1275
- Development of a Family Nursing Model for Prevention of Cancer and Other Noncommunicable Diseases through an Appreciative Inquiry vol.15, pp.23, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.23.10367
- Assessment of the Effects of Breast Cancer Training on Women Between the Ages of 50 and 70 in Kemalpasa, Turkey vol.15, pp.24, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.24.10749
- Health Beliefs of Nursing Faculty Students about Breast Cancer and Self Breast Examination vol.16, pp.17, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.17.7731
- Knowledge and Awareness about Breast Cancer and its Early Symptoms among Medical and Non-Medical Students of Southern Punjab, Pakistan vol.16, pp.3, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.3.979
- The Spectrum of Genetic Mutations in Breast Cancer vol.16, pp.6, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.6.2177
- Predictors of Progress in the Stage of Adoption of Breast Cancer Screening for Korean Women vol.16, pp.7, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.7.2637
- Effects of Breast Cancer Fatalism on Breast Cancer Awareness among Nursing Students in Turkey vol.16, pp.8, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.8.3565
- Health Beliefs and Breast Self-Examination among Undergraduate Female Students in Public Universities in Klang Valley, Malaysia vol.16, pp.9, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.9.4019
- Psychosocial predictors of breast self-examination behavior among female students: an application of the health belief model using logistic regression vol.17, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4880-9
- The Effect of Breast Cancer Fatalism on Breast Cancer Awareness Among Turkish Women vol.56, pp.5, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-016-0326-4
- The Effect of Counseling on Breast Cancer Awareness in Rural Iranian Women: a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial pp.1543-0154, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13187-018-1411-z
- Exploring anal self-examination as a means of screening for anal cancer in HIV positive men who have sex with men: a qualitative study vol.14, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1257