- Volume 15 Issue 17
DOI QR Code
Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Breast Cancer Risk in Thai Urban Females
- Pimhanam, Chaisak (Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University) ;
- Sangrajrang, Suleeporn (Research Division, National Cancer Institute, Ministry of Public Health) ;
- Ekpanyaskul, Chatchai (Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University)
- Published : 2014.09.15
The incidence of urban female breast cancer has been continuously increasing over the past decade with unknown etiology. One hypothesis for this increase is carcinogen exposure from tobacco. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the risk of urban female breast cancer from tobacco smoke exposure. The matched case control study was conducted among Thai females, aged 17-76 years and living in Bangkok or its surrounding areas. A total of 444 pairs of cases and controls were recruited from the Thai National Cancer Institute. Cases were newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed as breast cancer while controls were selected from healthy women who visited a patient, matched by age
Breast cancer;active smoking;passive smoking;urban female;risk factor
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