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Effectiveness of a Brief Physician Counselling Session on Improving Smoking Behaviour in the Workplace

  • Han, Yung Wen (Department of Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, University Teknologi Mara) ;
  • Mohammad, Mohazmi (Department of Primary Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya) ;
  • Liew, Su May (Department of Primary Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya)
  • Published : 2014.09.15

Abstract

Background: Brief physician counselling has been shown to be effective in improving smokers' behaviour. If the counselling sessions can be given at the workplace, this would benefit a larger number of smokers. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a ten-minute physician counseling session at the workplace in improving smoking behaviour. Materials and Methods: This prospective randomised control trial was conducted on smokers in a factory. A total of 163 participants were recruited and randomised into control and intervention groups using a table of random numbers. The intervention group received a ten-minute brief physician counselling session to quit smoking. Stages of smoking behaviour were measured in both groups using a translated and validated questionnaire at baseline, one month and three months post intervention. Results: There was a significant improvement in smoking behaviour at one-month post intervention (p=0.024, intention to treat analysis; OR=2.525; CI=1.109-5.747). This was not significant at three-month post intervention (p=0.946, intention to treat analysis; OR=1.026; 95% CI=0.486-2.168). Conclusions: A session of brief physician counselling was effective in improving smokers' behaviour at workplace, but the effect was not sustained.

Keywords

Physician counselling;smoking behaviour;transtheoretical model;workplace;randomised control trial

Acknowledgement

Supported by : University of Malaya

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