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Seroprevalence of Q-fever in Korean native cattle

국내 서식 한우에서 큐열 항체 양성율 조사

Kim, Ji-Yeon;Sung, So-Ra;Pyun, Ji-In;Her, Moon;Kang, Sung-Il;Lee, Hyang-Keun;Jung, Suk Chan
김지연;성소라;편지인;허문;강성일;이향근;정석찬

  • Received : 2014.03.12
  • Accepted : 2014.08.08
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

Q-fever is a vector-borne (Coxiella [C.] burnetii) zoonotic disease that is an increasing public health concern. To date, some research about Q-fever prevalence in dairy herds and human patients has been reported in Korea, but information about Korean native cattle is scarce. To measure the prevalence rates of C. burnetii in Korean native cattle, a total of 1,095 bovine serum samples collected during 2010~2013 were analyzed with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Sixty-eight heads of cattle were diagnosed as positive and while 19 heads were suspected (positive rate = 6.2%). Interestingly, Jeju province had a seropositivity rate six times greater than that of other provinces (18.9% vs. 3.2%). High seroprevalence might be caused by wide distribution of ticks in Jeju province compared to other regions. Based on these data, extensive monitoring of C. burnetii infection in cattle, tick distribution, and climate changes is required.

Keywords

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay;Korean native cattle;Q-fever;seroprevalence;ticks

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Cited by

  1. Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis, brucellosis and Q fever in Korean black goats vol.56, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.14405/kjvr.2016.56.4.249
  2. Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in native Korean goat in Jeonbuk province vol.39, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7853/kjvs.2016.39.4.239
  3. Prevalence of antibody titers for Coxiella burnetii in cattle in Gwangju area, Korea vol.39, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7853/kjvs.2016.39.2.125
  4. Clinical and Genetic Features of Coxiella burnetii in a Patient with an Acute Febrile Illness in Korea vol.32, pp.6, 2017, https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2017.32.6.1038
  5. Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in cattle at South Korean national breeding stock farms vol.12, pp.5, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177478
  6. Herd prevalence and genotypes of Coxiella burnetii in dairy cattle bulk tank milk in Gyeongsang provinces of South Korea vol.50, pp.6, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-018-1564-0

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림축산식품부