DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Chinese Female Marriage Immigrants' Dietary Life after Immigration to Korea : Comparison between Han-Chinese and Korean-Chinese

중국인 여성결혼이민자의 한국 이주 후 식생활 : 한족과 조선족 비교를 중심으로

  • Asano, Kana (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Yoon, Jihyun (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Ryu, Si-Hyun (Department of Nutrition and Foodswervice Management, Paichai University)
  • Received : 2014.06.19
  • Accepted : 2014.08.26
  • Published : 2014.08.30

Abstract

Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate Chinese female marriage immigrants' dietary life after immigration to Korea, focusing on comparison between Han-Chinese (traditional Chinese) and Korean-Chinese (Chinese of Korean descent). Methods: An in-person survey was conducted with women married to Korean men, having one child or more aged 1-6 years old, and having resided in Korea for at least one year before the survey. The data were collected from the 309 respondents comprising 151 Han-Chinese and 158 Korean-Chinese in the summer of 2013. Results: Overall, there was no significant difference in dietary practice, dietary acculturation, dietary behavior, dietary habits, and food intake between the Han-Chinese and the Korean-Chinese respondents. Over 50% of the respondents ate Korean food every day. The overall level of dietary acculturation was about 3.5 out of 5 points. The average score of healthy dietary behavior was a little bit higher than 3 out of 5 points. Approximately 3/4 of the respondents showed increasing frequency of eating out. The respondents reporting increase food diversity were over 70%. Decreased frequency of skipping meal was about 60% of the respondents. Over 50% of the respondents showed increasing consumption of Kimchi, vegetables, fruit, and meat. Conclusions: Dietary life of Korean-Chinese female marriage immigrants was similar to that of Han-Chinese female marriage immigrants after immigration to Korea. The results from this study suggest that not only Han-Chinese but also Korean-Chinese should be targeted in various diet-related acculturation support programs as important multicultural populations in Korea.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Seoul National University

References

  1. Cha SM, Bu SY, Kim EJ, Kim MH, Choi MK (2012): Study of dietary attitudes and diet management of married immigrant women in Korea according to residence period. J Korean Diet Assoc 18(4): 297-307 https://doi.org/10.14373/JKDA.2012.18.4.297
  2. Gray VB, Cossman JS, Dodson WL, Byrd SH (2005): Dietary acculturation of Hispanic immigrants in Mississippi. Salud Pblica Mex 47(5): 351-360 https://doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342005000500005
  3. Han YH (2010): Influential factor on Korean dietary life and eating behaviour of female marriage immigrants. MS thesis, Hanyang University, pp. 56-57
  4. Han YH, Shin WS, Kim JN (2011): Special theme:multicultural society and the identity of migrants; influential factor on Korean dietary life and eating behaviour of female marriage migrants. Comp Korean Stud 19(1): 115-159
  5. Hyun KJ, Kim YS (2011): Development of a Korean life adaptation measure for female marriage immigrants. Health Soc Welf Rev 31(4): 63-100 https://doi.org/10.15709/hswr.2011.31.4.63
  6. Jeong MJ, Jung EK, Kim AJ, Joo N (2012): Nutrition knowledge and need for a dietary education program among marriage immigrant women in Gyeongbuk region. J Korean Diet Assoc 18(1): 30-42 https://doi.org/10.14373/JKDA.2012.18.1.030
  7. Kim HR, Paik SH, Jung HW, Lee AR, Kim E (2011): Survey on dietary behaviors and needs for nutrition services, and development contents of nutrition education for female immigrants in multicultural families in Korea. Seoul, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs
  8. Kim JM, Lee HS, Kim MH (2012): Food adaptation and nutrient intake of female immigrants into Korea through marriage. Korean J Nutr 45(2): 159-169 https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2012.45.2.159
  9. Kim JM, Lee NH (2009): Analysis of the dietary life of immigrant women from multicultural families in the Daegu area. J Korean Diet Assoc 15(4): 405-418
  10. Kim SH (2013): Characteristics and implications of Chinese multicultural families. Incheon, Incheon Development Institute, p. 1-16
  11. Kim SH, Kim WY, Lyu JE, Chung HW, Hwang JY (2009): Dietary intakes and eating behaviors of Vietnamese female immigrants to Korea through marriage and Korean spouses and correlations of their diets. Korean J Community Nutr 14(1): 22-30
  12. Statistics Korea (2014): 2013 Marriage divorce statistics. Available from http://www.kostat.go.kr [cited May 2, 2013]
  13. Lee JS (2012): The factors for Korean dietary life adaptation of female immigrants in multi-cultural families in Busan. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 41(6): 807-815 https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2012.41.6.807
  14. Li SJ, Paik HY, Kim JS, Wen Y, Joung HJ (2001): Comparative study on dietary patterns of Korean,-Chinese and Koreans. Korean J Diet Cult 16(4): 341-353
  15. Park HM, Moon ST (2008): Analysis on the actual condition of female immigrants in rural area for social adjustment education. J Agric Edu Hum Resour Dev 40(2): 69-91
  16. Rosenmller DL, Gasevic D, Seidell J, Lear SA (2011): Determinants of changes in dietary patterns among Chinese immigrants: a cross-sectional analysis. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8: 42 https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-42
  17. Shin BG, Kwon YJ (2010): Research articles: difference analysis on the cognition, image, attitude, and globalization of Korean foods among American, Chinese, and Japanese groups. J Foodserv Manage 13(3): 311-332
  18. So J, Han SN (2012): Diet-related behaviors, perception and food preferences of multicultural families with Vietnamese wives. Korean J Community Nutr 17(5): 589-602 https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2012.17.5.589