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Effects of Preschool Children's Gender, Temperament, Emotional Regulation and Maternal Parenting Stress on Children's Overt Aggression and Relational Aggression

유아의 외현적 공격성 및 관계적 공격성에 대한 유아의 성, 기질, 정서조절능력, 어머니의 양육 스트레스의 영향

  • Han, Jun Ah (Dept. of Child Edu-Care, Suwon Science College) ;
  • Cho, Yoonjoo (Dept. of Social Welfare, Sungshin Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Jihyun (Dept. of Child Studies and Education, Hanyang Cyber University)
  • 한준아 (수원과학대학교 아동보육과) ;
  • 조윤주 (성신여자대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 김지현 (한양사이버대학교 아동학과)
  • Received : 2014.06.30
  • Accepted : 2014.08.11
  • Published : 2014.08.30

Abstract

The purposes of this study were (1) to explore the gender differences in children's overt aggression and relational aggression and (2) to investigate the effects of preschool children's gender, temperament, emotional regulation, and maternal parenting stress on overt aggression and relational aggression. The participants were 173 preschool children and their mothers from three day care center and two kindergarten in Seoul and Gyeong-gi province. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, correlations, and multiple regressions. The results were as follows: (1) There was statistically significant gender difference in preschool children's overt aggression, but there was statistically no significant gender difference in preschool children's relational aggression. Boys displayed more overt aggression than girls. (2) Preschool children's emotional regulation and activity explained children's overt aggression and relational aggression. When preschool children expressed more emotional regulation, they showed less overt aggression and relational aggression. Preschool children, who perceived having more activity from mothers, diaplayed more overt aggression and relational aggression. Gender was found to affect preschool children's overt aggression.

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