A Study on the Development of Designated Model of Places of Refuge location from IMO Recommendations

IMO 권고에 따른 선박 피난처 입지 지정 모델 개발에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2014.06.11
  • Accepted : 2014.07.28
  • Published : 2014.08.31


On December of 2003, IMO's $23^{rd}$ Assembly discussed 'Guidelines on places of refuge for ships in need of assistance' At the discussion, Res. A.949(23) has been selected to appoint recommended place of refuge for countries signatory to the IMO Convention. IMO defines "Places of Refuge" as a places where a ship in need of assistance can take action to enable it to stabilize its condition and reduce the hazards to navigation, and to protect human life and the environment. Appointing and managing a Place of refuge can be a delicate problem because of its close connection to each country's coastal and environmental protection policies. However, in case of marine accident, the appointment or management of the place of refuge has a potential to avoid further damage and reduce to the minimum any environmental and estate losses. Currently a number of foreign countries, designated and operated a place of refuge. But, place of refuge selected method criteria were different by country and also does not have any standardized designating place of refuge model. Therefor, this study suggested the model of assigned places of refuge according to objective indication in order to assign reasonable and efficient places of refuge in domestic waters in the future by investigating and analyzing imported facts in considering the assignment of places of refuge in foreign countries and describing these imported data into quantitative value. In designating the model place of refuge, the final place of refuge location was presented by evaluating the probability of marine accidents, analyzing the location, and evaluating the supporting establishment.


places of refuge;Marine accident;evaluation of the probability of marine accidents;analyzing the location;evaluating o the supporting establishment


  1. IMO(2003), Guidelines on Places of Refuge for Ships in Need of Assistance, Resolution A.949(23).
  2. Jung-shik, Jeong, Cheol-Seung Kim, Sung-Hyun Park, Jae-Yong Jeong, Ik-soon Cho(2012), An International Tendency on Designating of Ship's Refuge. Journal of the Korea Ship Safety Technology Authority, No.32. pp. 45-56.
  3. MOF(2005a), Design Standards of Ports and Fishing Ports, Mooring facility, Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, pp. 827-845.
  4. MLTM(2010), The excavation and countermeasure of marine traffic risk factors on the Southern sea, Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime affairs, pp. 3.2-3.153.
  5. MOF(2005b), Design Standards of Ports and Fishing Ports, Water facility and Dredging.Reclamation, Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, pp. 688-695.
  6. Barber, James Alden(2005), Naval Shiphandler's Guide, pp. 102-106.
  7. Hong-Hoon, Lee, Chol-seong Kim(2013), Evaluation on Risk at the Port of Mokpo and its Approaches based on Relative Importance of Risk Factors for Marine Traffic Environment, Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol. 19, No 4, pp. 375-381.

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  2. Considerations in Establishing a Decision-Making process for Korea's Places of Refuge vol.38, pp.6, 2014,