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Geology, Mineralization, and Age of the Pocheon Fe(-Cu) Skarn Deposit, Korea

한국 포천 철(-동) 스카른 광상의 지질, 광화작용 및 생성연대

  • Kim, Chang Seong (Dept. of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Korea University) ;
  • Go, Ji Su (Dept. of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Korea University) ;
  • Choi, Seon-Gyu (Dept. of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Korea University) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Tae (School of Geography and Earth Sciences, McMaster University)
  • 김창성 (고려대학교 지구환경과학과) ;
  • 고지수 (고려대학교 지구환경과학과) ;
  • 최선규 (고려대학교 지구환경과학과) ;
  • 김상태 (맥매스터대학교 지리지구과학부)
  • Received : 2014.04.15
  • Accepted : 2014.05.08
  • Published : 2014.08.28

Abstract

The Pocheon iron (-copper) deposit, located at the northwestern part of the Precambrian Gyeonggi massif in South Korea, genetically remains controversial. Previous researchers advocated a metamorphosed (-exhalative) sedimentary origin for iron enrichment. In this study, we present strong evidences for skarnification and Fe mineralization, spatially associated with the Myeongseongsan granite. The Pocheon deposit is composed of diverse carbonate rocks such as dolostone and limestone which are partially overprinted by various hydrothermal skarns such as sodic-calcic, calcic and magnesian skarn. Iron (-copper) mineralization occurs mainly in the sodic-calcic skarn zone, locally superimposed by copper mineralization during retrograde stage of skarn. Age data determined on phlogopites from retrograde skarn stage by Ar-Ar and K-Ar methods range from $110.3{\pm}1.0Ma$ to $108.3{\pm}2.8Ma$, showing that skarn iron mineralization in the Pocheon is closely related to the shallow-depth Myeongseongsan granite (ca. 112 Ma). Carbon-oxygen isotopic depletions of carbonates in marbles, diverse skarns, and veins can be explained by decarbonation and interaction with an infiltrating hydrothermal fluids in open system ($XCO_2=0.1$). The results of sulfur isotope analyses indicate that both of sulfide (chalcopyrite-pyrite composite) and anhydrites in skarn have very high sulfur isotope values, suggesting the $^{34}S$ enrichment of the Pocheon sulfide and sulfate sulfur was derived from sulfate in the carbonate protolith. Shear zones with fractures in the Pocheon area channeled the saline, high $fO_2$ hydrothermal fluids, resulting in locally developed intense skarn alteration at temperature range of about $500^{\circ}$ to $400^{\circ}C$.

Keywords

Pocheon;mineralization age;iron mineralization;sodic-calcic skarn;stable isotope

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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