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Catching efficiency of a shrimp beam trawl according to the length of beam and wing net and its influence on the hauling work

새우조망 어구의 막대 (빔)와 날개그물 길이에 따른 어획성능과 양망 작업에의 영향

  • Park, Hae-Hoon (Fisheries System Engineering Division, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute)
  • 박해훈 (국립수산과학원 시스템공학과)
  • Received : 2014.01.20
  • Accepted : 2014.08.22
  • Published : 2014.08.31

Abstract

Shrimp beam trawl fishery is one of the important coastal fisheries in Korea. It has a regulation to the length of beam (8m) and wing net (7m) of shrimp beam trawl that has been used in the district of Junlanam-do and Gyungsangnam-do. This regulation was made in relation to the size of shrimp beam trawler of 3-ton class at that time. Now the shrimp beam fishing vessel has a limit not greater than 5 tons in gross ton. Recently, with improvement of fishing industry and fishing vessel fishermen asked the expansion of the length of beam and wing net, therefore it is necessary to investigate the effect of lengthening the beam and wing net length. Three different beams (8m, 10m and 12m in length) and three different wing net (7m, 10m and 13m in length) were made and the experiment was conducted near Narodo of Goheng by two fishing vessels of 4.98 and 4.88 tons in gross ton between June 2011 and October 2012. When the length of wing net was increased from 7m to 10m and 13m, the relative catch ratio in total biomass was increased 25% and 79% for shrimp, (17% and 22% in total), respectively. And when the beam length was increased from 8m to 10m and 12m, the relative catch ratio was increased 35% and 84% for shrimp, (21% and 37% in total), respectively. The force exerted to the iron guide of inhauler's with the beam length of 8m was about 30% greater than that with the beam length of 10m when hauling the shrimp beam trawl net.

Keywords

Beam length;Wing net length;Catch efficiency;Operation safety;Shrimp beam trawl

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립수산과학원

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