The Effects of Mothers' Depression and Parenting Behavior on Preschoolers' Externalizing Problem Behaviors

어머니의 우울과 양육행동이 유아의 외현화 문제행동에 미치는 영향

  • Doh, Hyun-Sim (Department of Child Development, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Shin, Nana (Department of Child Development, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Park, Bo-Kyung (Department of Child Development, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Kim, Min-Jung ;
  • Kim, Hye-In (Department of Child Development, Ewha Womans University)
  • 도현심 (이화여자대학교 아동학과) ;
  • 신나나 (이화여자대학교 아동학과) ;
  • 박보경 (이화여자대학교 아동학과) ;
  • 김민정 (남서울대학교 아동복지학과) ;
  • 김혜인 (이화여자대학교 아동학과)
  • Received : 2014.05.31
  • Accepted : 2014.08.11
  • Published : 2014.08.31


The main purpose of this study was to examine direct and indirect effects of mothers' depression on preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors. A total of 155 mothers with preschoolers aged 3 and 4 years (83 boys and 72 girls) living in Seoul participated in this study. Mothers completed questionnaires on mothers' depression, parenting behavior, and preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors. Direct and indirect pathways from mothers' depression to preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). First, it was revealed that mothers' depression did not directly affect preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors. Second, mothers' depression indirectly influenced preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors through mothers' parenting behavior. Mothers who reported higher levels of depression showed less warmth/acceptance and more rejection/restriction towards their children, which led to higher levels of preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors. These findings emphasize the importance of positive parenting by mothers in reducing preschoolers' problem behaviors.


Supported by : 한국연구재단


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