Trends in Smoking among University Students between 2005-2012 in Sakarya, Turkey

  • Alvur, Tuncay Muge (Department of Family Medicine, Kocaeli University School of Medicine) ;
  • Cinar, Nursan (School of Health Sciences, Sakarya University) ;
  • Oncel, Selim (Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Kocaeli University School of Medicine) ;
  • Akduran, Funda (School of Health Sciences, Sakarya University) ;
  • Dede, Cemile (Vocational School of Health Sciences)
  • Published : 2014.06.15


Turkey protects its entire population of 75 million people with all the MPOWER measures at the highest level. The aim of this study is to make a comparison of smoking and addiction data obtained from Sakarya University students in 2005-6 and 2012-13. A total of 4,200 (2,500 and 1,700 for each academic year) students at Sakarya University in Sakarya, Turkey, were randomly selected for sampling purposes. The selected participants represented Sakarya University students. Data were collected using a pretested anonymous and confidential, self-completed questionnaire which took 15-20 minutes to complete and Fagerstrom Test for nicotine dependence. Chi-squared, Spearman correlation, and binary logistic regression tests were used to define associations, if any. The level of significance was kept at alpha=0.05. Smoking prevalance dropped by 8.5% (from 26.9% to 18.5%). Male gender, older age, high family smoking index, low self-rated school success, and high peer smoker proportion were common variables that have correlation with smoking status. In the binary logistic regression test the highest contributor to "being a smoker" was found to be the rate of peer smokers. Having all friends smoking puts the student a a 47.5 and 58.0 times higher risk for smoking for males and females, respectively. Our results suggest an admirable diminution of smoking prevalance among Sakarya University students, which can be attributed to MPOWER protection.


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