Aberrant Methylation of Genes in Sputum Samples as Diagnostic Biomarkers for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: a Meta-analysis

  • Wang, Xu (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University) ;
  • Ling, Li (Department of Social Medicine and Health Service Administration, School of Health Management, Anhui Medical University) ;
  • Su, Hong (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University) ;
  • Cheng, Jian (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University) ;
  • Jin, Liu (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University)
  • Published : 2014.06.15


Background: We aimed to comprehensively review the evidence for using sputum DNA to detect non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and Methods: We searched PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, Chinese Biological Medicine (CBM), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, Vip Databases and Google Scholar from 2003 to 2013. The meta-analysis was carried out using a random-effect model with sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odd ratios (DOR), summary receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC curves), area under the curve (AUC), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) as effect measurements. Results: There were twenty-two studies meeting the inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis. Combined sensitivity and specificity were 0.62 (95%CI: 0.59-0.65) and 0.73 (95%CI: 0.70-0.75), respectively. The DOR was 10.3 (95%CI: 5.88-18.1) and the AUC was 0.78. Conclusions: The overall accuracy of the test was currently not strong enough for the detection of NSCLC for clinical application. Dscovery and evaluation of additional biomarkers with improved sensitivity and specificity from studies rated high quality deserve further attention.


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