DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Evaluating the Relationship between Place Attachment, Residential Evaluations and Satisfaction in a Medium-sized Romanian City

루마니아 도시에서의 장소애착, 거주성 평가, 만족도 간에 상관성 연구

  • Received : 2014.03.28
  • Accepted : 2014.08.20
  • Published : 2014.08.25

Abstract

The present research aimed at researching the relationships among place attachment, residential evaluations and satisfaction in a medium-sized post-communist Romanian city. Studies on post-communist cities are scarce and this research tried to fill that gap. This research is part of a government project that intended to significantly reform three medium-sized cities in the Western part of Romania and transform the urban space. Since the three of them are relatively small-sized and close spatially, the project intends to undertake massive reforms of the communications and services of the three cities. In this article, we report findings on the city of Hunedoara. A representative random sample was selected, and a total of 384 people were interviewed, with an overall reliability of the sample of 95%. The instruments used to gather the data were the Neighbourhood Perceived Environmental Quality Scale and a composite measure of place attachment was also included. The structure of each scale was checked using exploratory factor analysis. We tested alternative causal models using structural equations modelling. Our model showed a good fit to the data and explains satisfaction in the city adequately. Results show that satisfaction is directly predicted by the general evaluation of the city and by residential privacy. Residential noise and place attachment influence satisfaction indirectly. The results are discussed and some policy recommendations are formulated.

References

  1. Bonaiuto, M., Aiello, A., Perugini, M., Bonnes, M., & Ercolani, A.P. (1999). Multidimensional perception of residential environment quality and neighborhood attachment in the urban environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 331-352. https://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.1999.0138
  2. Bonaiuto, M. (2004). Residential satisfaction and perceived residential environment quality. In: Spielberger, C. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology, Elsevier, Oxford, 267-272.
  3. Bonaiuto, M., Fornara, F., Bonnes, M. (2006). Perceived residential environmnet quality in middle- and lowextension Italian cities. Revue europeenne de psychologie appliquee, 56, 23-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erap.2005.02.011
  4. Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and loss. New York.: Basic Books.
  5. Brown, B., Perkins, D., & Brown, G. (2003). Place attachment in a revitalizing neighbourhood: individual and block levels of analysis. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23, 259-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-4944(02)00117-2
  6. Brown, G., Brown, B.B., & Perkins, D.D. (2004). New housing as neighborhood revitalization: place attachment and confidence among residents. Environment and Behavior, 36, 749-775. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916503254823
  7. Canter, D. (1983). The purposive evaluation of places: a facet approach. Environment and Behavior, 15, 659-698. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916583156001
  8. Carp, F.M., & Carp, A. (1982). Perceived environmental quality of neighborhoods: development of assessment scales and their relation to age and gender. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2, 245-312.
  9. Craik, K., & Feimer, N. (1987). Environmental assessment. In: Stokols, D., Altman, I. (Eds.) Handbook of Environmental Psychology (Vol.2). New York: John Wiley, 891-918.
  10. Devine-Wright, P. (2009). Rethinking NIMBYism: The role of place attachment and place identity in explaining placeprotective action. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 19(6), 426-441. https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.1004
  11. Fleury-Bahi, G., Felonneau, M.L., & Marchand, D. (2008). Processes of Place Identification and Residential Satisfaction. Environment and Behavior, 40 (5), 669-682. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916507307461
  12. Fried, M. (1963). Grieving for a lost home. In L. Duhl (Ed.), The Urban Condition. New York: Basic Books.
  13. Garcia Mira, R. (1997). La ciudad percibida: una psicologia ambiental de los barrios de A Coruna. Universidade da Coruna, Servicio de publicaciones.
  14. Gifford, R. (2002). Environmental Psychology: Principles and Practice. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
  15. Harris, P.B., Werner, C.M., Brown, B.B., & Ingebritsen, D. (1995). Relocation and privacy regulation: A cross-cultural analysis. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15, 311-320. https://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.1995.0027
  16. Hidalgo, M.C., & Hernandez, B. (2001). Place attachment: conceptual and empirical questions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21(3), 273-281. https://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.2001.0221
  17. Joreskog, K.G., & Sorbom, D. (1984). LISREL-VI user's guide. 3rd. ed. Mooresville. IN: Scientific Software.
  18. Kaminoff, R. & Proshansky, H. (1982). Stress a a consequence of the urban psychical environment. En L. Goldenber y S. Breznitz (Eds.). Handbook of Stress: Theoretical and clinical aspects, (pp. 380-409). New York: Macmillan Publishing.
  19. Kyle, G., Graefe, A., Manning, R., & Bacon, J. (2004). Effects of place attachment on users' perceptions of social and environmental condition in a natural setting. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24, 213-225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2003.12.006
  20. Lawrence, R.J. (2002). Healthy residential environments. In: Bechtel, R., & Churchman, A. (Eds.), Handbook of Environmental Psychology. New York: John Wiley, pp.394-412.
  21. Lazarus, R. (1984). On the primacy of cognition. American Psychologist, 39(2), 124-129. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.39.2.124
  22. Lewicka, M. (2011). Place attachment: how far have we come in the last 40 years?. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 31(3), 207-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.10.001
  23. Marsch, H.W., & Hocevar, D. (1985). Application of confirmatory factor analysis to the study of self-concept: First- and higher-order factor models and their invariance across groups. Psychological Bulletin, 97, 562-582. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.97.3.562
  24. Power, M., Harper, A., & Bullinger, M., Group, W.H.O.Q.O.L., (1999). The World Health Organization WHOQOL-100: tests of the universality of quality of life in 15 different cultural groups worldwide. Health Psychology, 18, 495-505. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.18.5.495
  25. Rollero, C., & De Piccoli, N. (2010). Place attachment, identification and environment perception: An empirical study. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30(2), 198-205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2009.12.003
  26. Saegart, S. (1989). Unlikely leaders, extreme circumstances: Older Black women building community households. American Journal of Community Psychology, 17(3), 295-316. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00931038
  27. Shumaker, S.A., & Taylor, R.B. (1983). Toward a clarification of people-place relationships: A model of attachment to place. In Feimer, N., and Geller, E.S. (Eds.). Environmental Psychology: Directions and Perspectives. New York: Praeger.
  28. Storbeck, J. & Clore, G.L. (2007). On the interdependence of cognition and emotion. Cognition and Emotion, 21(6), 1212-1237. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930701438020
  29. Tanaka, J.S., & Huba, G.J. (1985). A fit index for covariance structure models under arbitrary GLS estimation. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 38, 197-201. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8317.1985.tb00834.x
  30. Twigger-Ross, C.L., & Uzzell, D. (1996). Place and identity processes. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 16, 205-220. https://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.1996.0017
  31. Utsey, S.O., Bolden, M.A., Brown, C.F., & Chae, M.H. (2001). Assessing quality of life in a cultural context. In: Suzuki, L.A., Meller, P.M., Ponterotto, J.G. (Eds.). Handbook of Multicultural Assessment: Clinical, Psychological, and Educational Applications (second ed.) San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, pp. 191-212.
  32. Uzzell, D., Pol, E., & Badenas, D. (2002). Place identification, social cohesion and environmental sustainability. Environment and Behavior, 34, 26-53. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916502034001003
  33. Wheaton, B., Muthen, B., Alwin, D. F., & Summers, G. F. (1977). Assessing reliability and stability in panel models. In Heise, D. R. (Ed.), Sociological methodology (pp. 84-136). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  34. World Health Organization group (1998). Group development of the World Health Organization WHOQOL
  35. Zajonc, R. (2000). Feeling and thinking: closing the debate over the independence of affect. In Forgass, J.P. (editor). Feeling and Thinking: the Role of Affect in Social Cognition. Studies in Emotion and Social Interaction. New York: Cambridge University Press, 31-58.