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Heat Transfer in Bubble Columns with High Viscous and Low Surface Tension Media

고점성 낮은표면장력 매체 기포탑에서 열전달

  • Kim, Wan Tae (Department of Chemical Engineering, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lim, Dae Ho (Department of Chemical Engineering, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kang, Yong (Department of Chemical Engineering, Chungnam National University)
  • 김완태 (충남대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 임대호 (충남대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 강용 (충남대학교 화학공학과)
  • Received : 2013.12.31
  • Accepted : 2014.02.20
  • Published : 2014.08.01

Abstract

Axial and overall heat transfer coefficients were investigated in a bubble column with relatively high viscous and low surface tension media. Effects of superficial gas velocity (0.02~0.1 m/s), liquid viscosity ($0.1{\sim}0.3Pa{\cdot}s$) and surface tension ($66.1{\sim}72.9{\times}10^{-3}N/m$) on the local and overall heat transfer coefficients were examined. The heat transfer field was composed of the immersed heater and the bubble column; a vertical heater was installed at the center of the column coaxially. The heat transfer coefficient was determined by measuring the temperature differences continuously between the heater surface and the column which was bubbling in a given operating condition, with the knowledge of heat supply to the heater. The local heat transfer coefficient increased with increasing superficial gas velocity but decreased with increasing axial distance from the gas distributor and liquid surface tension. The overall heat transfer coefficient increased with increasing superficial gas velocity but decreased with increasing liquid viscosity or surface tension. The overall heat transfer coefficient was well correlated in terms of operating variables such as superficial gas velocity, liquid surface tension and liquid viscosity with a correlation coefficient of 0.91, and in terms of dimensionless groups such as Nusselt, Reynolds, Prandtl and Weber numbers with a correlation of 0.92; $$h=2502U^{0.236}_{G}{\mu}^{-0.250}_{L}{\sigma}^{-0.028}_L$$ $$Nu=325Re^{0.180}Pr^{-0.067}We^{0.028}$$.

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