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An Integrated Epidemiological and Economic Analysis of Vaccination against Highly Pathogenic Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) in Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam

  • Zhang, Haifeng (Graduate School of Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine) ;
  • Kono, Hiroichi (Department of Animal and Food Hygiene, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine) ;
  • Kubota, Satoko (Department of Animal and Food Hygiene, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine)
  • Received : 2014.01.23
  • Accepted : 2014.04.24
  • Published : 2014.10.01

Abstract

The purposes of this study are to assess pig farmers' preference for highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) vaccine, and estimate the cost and benefit of PRRS vaccination in Vietnam. This study employed an integrated epidemiological and economic analysis which combined susceptible-infectious-recovered (SIR) model, choice experiment (CE) and cost-benefit analysis (CBA) together. The result of SIR model showed the basic reproduction number ($R_0$) of PRRS transmission in this study is 1.3, consequently, the optimal vaccination percentage is 26%. The results of CE in this study indicate that Vietnam pig farmers are showing a high preference for the PRRS vaccine. However, their mean willingness to pay is lower than the potential cost of PRRS vaccine. It can be considered to be one of the reasons that the PRRS vaccination ratio is still low in Vietnam. The results of CBA specified from the whole society's point of view (Social perspective), the benefits of PRRS vaccination are 2.3 to 4.5 times larger than the costs. To support policy making for increasing the PRRS vaccination proportion, this study indicates two ways to increase the vaccination proportion: i) decrease vaccine price by providing a subsidy, ii) provide compensation of culling only for PRRS vaccinated pigs.

Keywords

Choice Experiment;Cost-Benefit Analysis;Susceptible-infectious-recovered Model;Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome;Vietnam

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