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Cardiovascular risk factors of early atherosclerosis in school-aged children after Kawasaki disease

  • Cho, Hyun Jeong (Department of Pediatrics, Chungnam National University School of Medicine) ;
  • Yang, Soo In (Department of Pediatrics, Chungnam National University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Kyung Hee (Department of Pediatrics, Chungnam National University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Jee Na (Department of Pediatrics, Inje University College of Medicine) ;
  • Kil, Hong Ryang (Department of Pediatrics, Chungnam National University School of Medicine)
  • Received : 2013.09.15
  • Accepted : 2013.11.06
  • Published : 2014.05.15

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether school-aged children with Kawasaki disease (KD) have an increased risk for early atherosclerosis. Methods: The study included 98 children. The children were divided into the following groups: group A (n=19), KD with coronary arterial lesions that persisted or regressed; group B (n=49), KD without coronary arterial lesions; and group C (n=30), healthy children. Anthropometric variables and the levels of biochemical markers, including total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein A, apolipoprotein B, homocysteine, highsensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and brachial artery stiffness using pulse wave velocity were compared among the three groups. Results: There were no significant differences in blood pressure and body index among the three groups. Additionally, there was no sex-specific difference. Moreover, the levels of triglyceride, HDL-C, apolipoprotein A, and hs-CRP did not differ among the three groups. However, the levels of total cholesterol (P =0.018), LDL-C (P =0.0003), and apolipoprotein B (P =0.029) were significantly higher in group A than in group C. Further, the level of homocysteine and the aortic pulse wave velocity were significantly higher in groups A and B than in group C (P=0.0001). Conclusion: School-aged children after KD have high lipid profiles and arterial stiffness indicating an increased risk for early atherosclerosis.

Keywords

References

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