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Effects of Exercise Program by Type on Balance Ability and Muscle Activity In A Standing Posture

유형별 운동프로그램이 선 자세에서의 균형능력과 근활성도에 미치는 영향

  • Kang, Jeong-Il (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Sehan University) ;
  • Park, Jun-Su (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Sehan University) ;
  • Park, Seung-Kyu (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Sehan University) ;
  • Yang, Dae-Jung (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Sehan University) ;
  • Choi, Hyun (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Sehan University) ;
  • Jeong, Dae-Keun (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Sehan University) ;
  • Kwon, Hye-Min (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Sehan University) ;
  • Moon, Young-Jun (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Sehan University)
  • Received : 2014.05.02
  • Accepted : 2014.07.20
  • Published : 2014.07.28

Abstract

This study, in order to establish the effect of three exercise groups on the static and dynamic balancing abilities and the muscular activity, targeting adult males aged 20-29, assigned 15 men to each aquatic exercise group, trunk stabilization exercise group, and balance exercise group. The study was conducted from June, 2013 to August, 2013, and measured and compared the balancing ability and the muscle activity(tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius muscle) of the participants after performing intervention for 30 minutes a day, 3 days a week, for 6 weeks. As a result, on the comparison between before and after the intervention, there were significant differences in changes of the surface area and the whole path length in all the three groups(p<.05)(p<.01), and also on the dynamic balance, there was a significant difference in change of limited of stability(p<.05)(p<.01). On change of the muscle activity of tibialis anterior, both left and right sides showed statistically significant differences in all the three groups(p<.05)(p<.01), and gastrocnemius muscle showed a statistically significant difference in all the three groups except for the left side of the trunk stabilization exercise group(p<.05)(p<.01). It could be established that aquatic exercise is effective for improvement of the balancing ability and increase of the muscular activity, and we intend to propose specific aquatic exercise program development by conducting a study to determine the objective effect of aquatic exercise on the elderly or patients who have a poor balancing ability.

Keywords

Aquatic exercise;Balance exercise;Muscle activity;Trunk stability exercise

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 세한대학교

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