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Un-met Supportive Care Needs of Iranian Breast Cancer Patients

  • Abdollahzadeh, Farahnaz (Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Moradi, Narges (Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Pakpour, Vahid (Students Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Rahmani, Azad (Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Zamanzadeh, Vahid (Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Mohammadpoorasl, Asghar (Department Human Nutrition and Food Safety, School of Public Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Howard, Fuchsia (School of Population and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The University of British Columbia)
  • Published : 2014.05.15

Abstract

Background: Assessment of supportive needs is the requirement to plan any supportive care program for cancer patients. There is no evidence about supportive care needs of Iranian breast cancer patients. So, the aims of present study were to investigate this question and s predictive factors. Materials and Methods: A descriptive-correlational study was conducted, followed by logistic regression analyses. The Supportive Care Needs Survey was completed by 136 breast cancer patients residing in Iran following their initial treatment. This assessed needs in five domains: psychological, health system and information, physical and daily living, patient care and support, and sexuality. Results: Patient perceived needs were highest in the health systems and information (71%), and physical and daily living (68%) domains. Logistic regression modeling revealed that younger participants have more un-met needs in all domains and those with more children reported fewer un-met needs in patient care and support domains. In addition, married women had more un-met supportive care needs related to sexuality. Conclusions: The high rate of un-met supportive care needs in all domains suggests that supportive care services are desperately required for breast cancer patients in Iran. Moreover, services that address informational needs and physical and daily living needs ought to be the priority, with particular attention paid to younger women. Further research is clearly needed to fully understand supportive care needs in this cultural context.

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