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Effect on Smoking Quit Rate of Telling Smokers their Health Risk Appraisal in Terms of Health Age: A Randomized Control Trial

  • Paek, Yu-Jin (Department of Family Medicine, Health Promotion Center, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital) ;
  • Lee, Sungkyu (Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Yun-Hee (Department of Nursing, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Lee, Kang-Sook (Department of Preventive Medicine and Health Promotion Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Yim, Hyeon-Woo (Department of Preventive Medicine and Health Promotion Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Kim, Myung-Shig (Department of Counseling Psychology, Jeonju University) ;
  • Kim, Cheol-Hwan (Inje Institute of Advanced Studies/Smoking Cessation Clinic of Seoul Paik Hospital) ;
  • Jeung, Ok (Department of Counseling Psychology, Seoul Cyber University)
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

Background: We evaluated whether providing health risk appraisal for Koreans (KHRA) in terms of 'health age' during smoking cessation program would effectively help smokers quit smoking or not. Materials and Methods: A total of 332 male smokers aged between 30-65 years old, registered for a smoking cessation program in a public health center in a city, were recruited and underwent a baseline survey from January 2010 to February 2011. They were then prospectively randomized to a conventional counseling group (n=165) or a KHRA group (n=167), and received conventional counseling or KHRA-based counseling for six months. Abstinence rates were identified through carbon monoxide measurement (at the $4^{th}$ and $24^{th}$ weeks) or urinary cotinine level (at the $12^th$ week). Results: The abstinence rate confirmed by exhaled carbon monoxide was significantly higher in the KHRA group (61.1%) than the control group (49.1%) at the $4^{th}$ week (absolute difference 12.0%, 95% CI: 1.4%-22.6%). However, there was no difference in abstinence rates between the two groups at the 12th and 24th weeks. The predicting factors of 24 week's smoking cessation success were age, older than 50 years old (OR 2.02, 95% CI: 1.16-3.52), lower Fagerstr$\ddot{o}$m Test for Nicotine Dependence score less than 4 (OR 1.84, 95% CI: 1.03-3.29), and higher Self Efficacy/Temptation score (OR 1.79, 95% CI: 1.05-3.06). Conclusions: Smoking cessation counseling with KHRA could be effective compared to conventional counseling in the short period of smoking cessation. Further study is needed to evaluate the long-term efficacy of KHRA in tobacco dependence treatment and to establish the indication and target population of this tool.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korean Academy of Family Medicine

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