The Comparison between Korean and American Women's Garments Terminologies from 1910s to 1930s through the Women's Magazines

1910-1930년대 여성잡지를 통해 본 한국과 미국의 여성복식 명칭의 비교

  • Kim, Eun-Jung (Dept. Clothing & Textile, The Catholic University)
  • 김은정 (가톨릭대학교 의류학전공)
  • Received : 2014.02.16
  • Accepted : 2014.05.10
  • Published : 2014.06.30


This paper is a comparative research study between Korean and American women's garments from the 1910s to 1930s. It focuses on the articles and advertisements of Korean women's magazines and American women's magazines. The Korean women's magazines investigated are 신여자[Siyeoja], 신가정[Singajung], 부인[Buin], 신여성[Sinyeosung], and 여성[Yeosung]. The American woman's magazine investigated is Ladies' Home Journal. This paper explores the differences and similarities between the garments that appear in these magazines. There is little evidence about women's clothing in Korean women's magazines while the American women's magazine includes a lot of information about women's dress and life. Korean women usually wore Korean traditional costumes with traditional terms like Chima and Jeogori but they wore western shoes, stockings, shawls, umbrellas, and some clothing with western materials such as lace, velvet, and rayon with borrowed words. These western accessories and some clothing materials like lace and rayon were the same fashion in America. So, Korean women wore traditional and western clothing together while American women wore clothing influenced by Paris fashion. American women wore various pieces of clothing like suits, frocks, coats and sportswear with undergarments. There were also lots of advertisements about women's under garments and sportswear which was different from Korean women's clothing during the period.


Supported by : 한국연구재단


  1. 가정에서 읽을 것[Reading materials at home]. (1926, July). 신여성[Sinyeosung], p. 40.
  2. 외국인의 눈으로 본 조선의복의 장처 단처[A good and bad point of Korean clothing by foreigners' point of view]. (1924, November). 신여성[Sinyeosung], pp. 18-20.
  3. 의복문제에 대하여[The issue about the clothing]. (1932, October). 신여성 [Sinyeosung], p. 33.
  4. 의복편[clothing chapter]. (1931, April). 신여성[Sinyeosung], pp. 60-63.
  5. Ahn, H. W. (2002). Modern consumer culture revisited: mass circulation magazines, early department stores, and American women's experiences, 1890-1930. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Seoul National University, Seoul.
  6. American Fashion. (1911, October). Ladies Home Journal, p. 25.
  7. Banner Louis, W. (1983). American Beauty, New York: Alfred, A. Knope, p. 4.
  8. Brassieres combination. (1925, May). Ladies Home Journal, p. 205.
  9. Camping, tramping and active sports wear. (1927, July). Ladies Home Journal, p. 69.
  10. Choi, N. (1926, 4). Girl students by stores' point of view. 신여성[Sinyeosung], p. 41.
  11. Comfy footwear. (1911, November). Ladies Home Journal, p. 95.
  12. Corset waists. (1911, October). Ladies Home Journal, p. 60.
  13. C. Y. (1926, 7). 여름과 얇은 의복[Light clothing in summer]. 신여성[Sinyeosung], p. 23.
  14. Dress, coats, underwear. (1919, February). Ladies Home Journal, p.115.
  15. Foundations. (1930, March). Ladies Home Journal, p. 52.
  16. For beauty, for health. (1926, January). Ladies Home Journal, p. 129.
  17. Frocks. (1925, May). Ladies Home Journal, p. 75.
  18. Hosiery. (1911, October). Ladies Home Journal, p. 77.
  19. Indian shoes. (1911, January). Ladies Home Journal, p. 90.
  20. Jeon, H. S., & Kang, S. C. (2008). A study on the modernization of Japanese costume. International Journal of Costume and Fashion, 8(1), 1-17.
  21. Kim, E. H. (2010a). A study of new women's image through the modern advertisement of goods. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Dongkook University, Seoul.
  22. Kim, E. J. (2010b). A study on the naturalized costume terminologies appearing in Korean newspapers and magazines, from the age of enlightenment to the time of independence(1876-1945). Journal of Korean Society of Costume, 60(2), 32-33.
  23. Kim, E. J. (2013). Modernization and variations on Korean women's fashion and consumption culture in modern Korean society of the 1920s-1930s. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Yeonse University, Seoul.
  24. Kim, E. J., & Kang, S. C. (2009). A study on the features of the modernization process in the Chinese costume. International Journal of Costume and Fashion, 9(1), 1-14.
  25. Kim, H. K. (1995). A study on woman's costume in the civilized age of Korea, 1880-1945. Unpublished master's thesis, Wongwang University, Iksan.
  26. Kim, K. I. (2006a). New women's experience of the united states and their cultural appropriation of America in Colonial Korea. The Korean Cultural Studies, 11, 45-92.
  27. Kim, K. J. (1926, June). 개성의 망실을 아울너울수는 업을가[Why don't you express your personality?]. 신여성[Sinyeosung], p. 2.
  28. Kim, M. A. (1933, August). 지워진 짝사랑[Erased one-sided love]. 신여성[Sinyeosung], p. 66.
  29. Kim, S. J. (2006b). Colonial/Western difference of modernity -the new woman phenomena in England, Japan, Colonial India, and China. Journal of Korean Women's Studies, 22(1), 86-187.
  30. Kim, Y. S. (1925, 1). 개량 마구자 짓는 법[The method of making gaerangmaguja]. 신여성[Sinyeosung], p. 90.
  31. Knit underwear. (1911, October). Ladies Home Journal, p. 81.
  32. Lee, H. B. (2007). Women's image in the 1930s advertisement: Focus on Yeosung Magazine. Korean Journal of Communication Studies, 15(3), 5-29.
  33. Lee, M. Y. (2008). A study of new women's hair style from 1910s to 1930s. Unpublished master's thesis, Seokyeong University, Seoul.
  34. Lee, S. Y. (2002). A study of women's magazine in the Japanese Colonial Period in Korea. Unpublished master's thesis, Ewha Womans University, Seoul.
  35. Lee, Y. O. (1931, April). 새로운 세탁법3[The new method of laundry 3]. 신여성 [Sinyeosung], pp. 96-99.
  36. Lee, Y. O. (1931, May). 새로운 세탁법4[The new method of laundry 4]. 신여성 [Sinyeosung], pp. 100-102.
  37. Lim, Y. O. (1992). A study on American women's costume in 1930's. Unpublished master's thesis, Kookmin University, Seoul.
  38. Long skirts emphasize shoe smartness. (1930, April). Ladies Home Journal, p. 54.
  39. Milbank, Caroline Rennolds. (1989). New York Fashion: the Evolution of American Style. New York: Hbrams.
  40. Nam, Y. S. (1990). A study on the transitional process of clothes in modern Korean women. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Sejong University, Seoul.
  41. Park, H. P. (1932, 3). 모사편물지상강습[A lesson of woolen knitwear]. 신여성 [Sinyeosung], pp. 66-67.
  42. Park, H. P. (1932, 11). 소녀용 도레쓰[A dress for girls]. 신여성 [Sinyeosung], p. 74.
  43. Park, H. S. (2008). Comparative study on new women of America and Chosun Focusing on fashion and hair style. American History, 28, 1-50.
  44. Paris suits. (1932, October). Ladies Home Journal, p. 23.
  45. Petticoats. (1910, January). Ladies Home Journal, p. 96.
  46. Shoes. (1911, October). Ladies Home Journal, p. 73.
  47. Sleeveless sports frocks. (1929, June). Ladies Home Journal, p. 51.
  48. Son, M. S. (1987). A study on American women's costume in the Former 20th Centu: 1910-1950. Unpublished master's thesis, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul.
  49. Sports clothes. (1929, October). Ladies Home Journal, p. 55.
  50. The illustration of Korean women on the poem. (1934, August). 신가정[Singajung], p. 10.
  51. The jumper for sport and general wear. (1927, March). Ladies Home Journal, p. 103.
  52. The life of women. (1935, February). 신가정[Singajung], p. 155.
  53. Truc, G. (1941). Histoire Illustree De La Femme, Vol. 2. Paris : Librairie Plon.
  54. Yu, S. K. (1990). 한국 여성 양장 변천사[History of Korean women's western costume transition], Seoul: Iljisa.
  55. Yu, J. I. (2007). Comparative study of the new Woman between Korea and Japan: Focus on the Early 20th Century. Unpublished master's thesis, Hongik University, Seoul.
  56. Yu, S. K. (1994). A study on American women's costume in 1920's. Education Treatises 14, Kookmin University.
  57. Zuckerman, Mary Ellen. (1998). A history of popular women's magazines in the United States, 1792-1995. Westport, Conn : Green wood Press.