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Political Interest, Political Efficacy, and Media Usage as Factors Influencing Political Participation in Hospital Nurses

병원간호사의 정치관심도, 정치 효능감 및 매체 이용이 정치참여에 미치는 영향

  • Jun, So Yeun (Graduate School, College of Nursing, Yonsei University) ;
  • Ko, Il Sun (College of Nursing, Yonsei University) ;
  • Bae, Ka Ryeong (Seoul Women's College of Nursing, Graduate School, College of Nursing, Yonsei University)
  • 전소연 (연세대학교 대학원) ;
  • 고일선 (연세대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 배가령 (서울여자간호대학교, 연세대학교 대학원)
  • Received : 2014.04.22
  • Accepted : 2014.06.06
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify how political interest, efficacy and media usage influence political participation in hospital nurses. Methods: Participants were 286 nurses, who were informed of the study purpose and agreed to participate. Data were collected during November and December, 2012 using a questionnaire on political interest, political efficacy, media usage and political participation. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$'s test, Pearson Correlation Coefficients, and Multiple Stepwise Regression. Results: Scores for political participation and political interest was average. The score for political efficacy was higher than average. Political participation was significantly different by education level, job career, position, and intention to vote in the election for the 18th President. Political participation had a moderate positive correlation with political interest (r=.50, p<.001), political efficacy (r=.32, p<.001) and media usage (r=.14, p=.022). Political interest (${\beta}$=.43) was the factor most influential on political participation, explaining 25% of the variance. A total of 32% of political participation was explained by political interest, political efficacy, and TV news or SNS for media use. Conclusion: The results suggest that it is necessary to develop strategies to promote political interest and political efficacy for hospital nurses to improve political participation.

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