DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

주스제조 장치에 따른 채소 및 과일 주스의 품질 변화

최문희;김민주;전영진;신현재
Choi, Moon-Hee;Kim, Min-Joo;Jeon, Young-Jin;Shin, Hyun-Jae

  • 투고 : 2014.02.24
  • 심사 : 2014.05.12
  • 발행 : 2014.06.30

초록

A fresh vegetable and fruit juice has become a new healthy food available for detoxification, dieting and health. This paper presents the useful information about the quality changes of fresh juice according to different juicer. Quality of fresh juice could be evaluated by several factors such as juice yield, enzyme activity, antioxidant activity, polyphenol contents, and anti-inflammatory activity. The juice yields of 12 different vegetables and fruits were compared using 6 different juicers and it was observed that the yield of slow juicer was better than that of conventional blender. Among 12 samples, the juice yield of grape is the best and the pH of the juice was in the acidic range of 3 and 4. Kiwi and grapefruit were the best in terms of protease enzyme activities by Hemoglobin units on the tyrosine basis and Spectrophotometric acid protease unit and papain units on the tyrosine basis of KFDA protocols. The total polyphenol contents were also high in kiwi and grapefruit. The antioxidant activity by diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and radical scavenging assay were high in the order of kiwi, grapefruit, grape, tomato, and orange. Anti-inflammatory activities were also assay for 12 samples with 6 juicers. It can be concluded that of fresh fruit and vegetable juice provides a source of antioxidant components and enzymes with high activity. And the enzyme activities could be used as one of the quality indicator of fresh juice. Concerning the juicers used in this study, slow juicer could be recommended to prepare the fresh juice in terms of the juice quality.

키워드

Juicer;Fresh juice;Polyphenol;Enzyme activity;Antioxidant

참고문헌

  1. Shindal, J. and I. R. Whittle (2001) Nitric oxide and gliloma: a target for novel therapy? Br. J. Neurosurg. 15: 213-220. https://doi.org/10.1080/02688690120057628
  2. Hur, S. G., S. S. Kim., Y. H. Heo, S. M. Ah, B. G. Lee, and S. K. Lee (2001) Effects of the grapevine shoot extract on free radical scavenging activity and inhibition of pro-inflammatory mediator production in RAW 264.7 macrophage. J. Appl. Pharmacol. 9: 188-193.
  3. Lee, D. K., K. P. Lee, H. Kim, B. J. Choi, H. R. Chang, and W. H. Park (2008) Effect of the ethanol extract of Vitis labrusca root on apoptosis in Hep G2 cells. Korean J. Ori. Med. Physiol. Pathol. 22: 377-384.
  4. Bagchi, M., S. J. Stohs, D. K. Das, S. D. Ray, C. A. Kuszynski, S. S. Joshi, and H. G. Pruess (2000) Free radicals and grape seed proanthocyanidin extract: importance in human health and disease prevention. Toxicology 148: 187-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0300-483X(00)00210-9
  5. Arena, E., B. Fallico, and E. Maccarone (2001) Evaluation of antioxidant capacity of blood orange juices as influenced by constituents, concentration process and storage. Food Chem. 74: 423-427. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00125-X
  6. Van der Sluis, A. A., M. Dekker, G. Skrede, and W. M. F. Jongen (2002) Activity and concentration of polyphenolic antioxidants in apple Juice. 1. Effect of existing production methods. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50: 7211-7219. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020115h
  7. Sanchez-Moreno, C., L. Plaza, B. de Ancos, P. M. Cano (2003) Effect of high-pressure processing on health-promoting attributes of freshly squeezed orange juice (Citrus sinensis L.) during chilled storage. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 216: 18-22. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-002-0625-8
  8. Van der Sluis, A. A., M. Dekker, A. de jager, and W. M. F. Jongen (2001) Activity and concentration of polyphenolic antioxidants in apple: effect of cultivar, harvest year, and storage conditions. J. Agric. Food Chem. 49: 3606-3613. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001493u
  9. Kim, I. H., A. S. Om, J. H. Kim, and H. R. Kim (2013) Screening of ethanol extracts of Korea fruits and vegetables for cell viability and antioxidant enzyme activity on Alloxan-induced oxidative stress in pancreatic beta cell. J. Life Sci. 23: 273-281. https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2013.23.2.273
  10. Kim, M. J. and E. J. Park (2011) Feature analysis of different in vitro antioxidant capacity assays and their application to fruit and vegetable samples. J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr. 40: 1053-1062. https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2011.40.7.1053
  11. Ristic, A. K., T. S. Rajic N., Kardum, and M. Hlibetic (2013) Biological activity of Aronia melanocarpa antioxidants pre-screening in an intervention study design. J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 78: 429-443. https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC121213020K
  12. Shin, J. H., K. S. Kang, J. Y. Kim, S. Z. Kim, J. Y. Park, E. K. Kwak, and Y. K. Sohn (2002) Lipopolysaccharide/Interferon-gamma induced nitric oxide production in C6 glioma cells: Modulation by dexamethasone. Korean J. Pathol. 36: 406-411.
  13. Dawson, T. Z., V. Dawson, and S. Sanyder (1994) Nitric oxide: cellular regulation and neuronal injury. Prog. Brain Res. 103: 365-369. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6123(08)61150-4
  14. Cho, E. H., A. R. Choi, S. J. Choi, S. Y. Kim, G. S. Lee, S. S. Lee, and H. J. Chae (2009) $\alpha$-Amylase activity of radish and stability in processing. J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr. 38: 812-815. https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2009.38.6.812
  15. Chattopadhyay, G. K., A. K. Verma, A. K. Sengupta, S. K. Das, and S. Raji Urs (2004) $\alpha$- and $\beta$-Amylase isozyme expresser native proteins in tropical silkworm Bombyx mori L. Int. J. Ind. Etimol. 8: 189-194.
  16. Manian, R., N. Anusuya, P. Siddhuraju, and S. Manian (2008) The antioxidant activity and free radical scavenging potential of two different solvent extracts of Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntz, Ficusbengalensis L. and Ficus racemosa L. Food Chem. 107: 1000-1007. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.09.008
  17. Choi, M. H., M. J. Min, D. S. Oh, and H. J. Shin (2013) Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of Camellia japonica extracts for cosmetic applications. KSBB J. 28: 99-105. https://doi.org/10.7841/ksbbj.2013.28.2.99
  18. Cho. J. Y., S. H. Ji, K. H. Lee, K. H. Jung, and K. H. Park (2008) A novel benzoyl glucoside and phenolic compounds from the leaves of Camellia japonica. Food Sci. Biotechnol. 17: 1060-1065.
  19. Kang, Y. H., Y. K. Park, and G. D. Lee (1996) The nitrite scavenging and electron donating ability of phenolic compounds. Korean. J. Food Sci. Technol. 28: 232-239.
  20. Sdiri, S., A. Bermejo, P. Aleza, P. Navarro, and A. Salvador (2012) Phenolic composition, organic acids, sugars, vitamin C and antioxidant activity in the juice of two new triploid late-season mandarins. Food Res. Int. 49: 462-468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2012.07.040
  21. Jirum. J., A. Sangdee, and P. Srihanam (2013) Phytochemical and biological activities in fresh juice extracts of wild grape (Ampelocissus martini Planch.) fruits. Int. J. Res. Ayurveda Pharm. 4: 337-341. https://doi.org/10.7897/2277-4343.04306
  22. Song, H. P., D. H. Kim, C. Jo, C. H. Lee, K. S. Kim, and M. W. Byun (2006) Effect of gamma irradiation on the microbiological quality and antioxidant activity of fresh vegetable juice. Food Microbiol. 23: 372-378. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fm.2005.05.010
  23. Tiwari, A. K., K. S. Readdy, J. Radhakrishnan, D. A. Kumar, A. Zehra, S. B. Agawane, and K. Madhusudana (2011) Influence of antioxidant rich fresh vegetable juices on starch induced postprandial hyperglycemia in rats. Food Funct. 2: 521-528. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1fo10093a
  24. Carbonell-Barrachina, AA., A. Calin-Sanchez, B. Bagatar, F. Hernandez, P. Legua, R. Martinez-Font, and P. Melgarejo (2012) Potential of Spanish sour-sweet pomegranates (cultivar C25) for the juice industry. Food Sci. Technol. Int. 18: 129-138. https://doi.org/10.1177/1082013211414783
  25. Proteggente, A. R., A. Saija, A. D. Pasquale, and C. A. Rice-Evans (2003) The compositional characterisation and antioxidant activity of fresh juices from sicilian sweet orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) varieties. Free Radic. Res. 37: 681-687. https://doi.org/10.1080/1071576031000083198
  26. Baldwin, E. A., J. Bai, A. Plotto, R. Cameron, G. Luzio, J. Narciso, J. Manthey, W. Widmer, and B. L. Ford (2012) Effect of extraction method on quality of orange juice: hand-squeezed, commercial fresh squeezed and processed. J. Sci. Food Agric. 92: 2029-2042. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.5587
  27. Lee, M. H., M. S. Kim, H. G. Shin, and H. Y. Sohn (2011) Evaluation of antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antithrombin activity of domestic and vegetable juice. Korean J. Microbial. Biotechnol. 39: 146-152.
  28. Jin, Y. R., S. N. Yu, K. Y. Kim, S. H. Kim, S. K. Park, H. K. Kim, Y. S. Lee, Y. L. Choi, J. H. Ji, and S. C. Ahn (2013) Production and characterization of alkaline protease of Micrococus sp. PS-1 Isolated from Seawater. J. Life. Sci. 23: 273-281. https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2013.23.2.273
  29. Misaki, Y., S. Kazuo and M. Mitsuo (1984) Purification and properties of acid protease from Monascus sp. Agric. Biol. Chem. 48: 1637-1639. https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb1961.48.1637
  30. Cha, J. Y., Y. S. Kim, H. Y. Ahn, K. E. Eom, S. J. Heo, and Y. S. Cho (2010) Bioactive and chemical properties by silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) power degradation with kiwifruit papaya, pineapple and pear juice. J. Life Sci. 20: 1718-1724. https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2010.20.11.1718
  31. Pearson, D. A., H. T. Christine, J. B. German, P. A. Davis, and M. E. Gershwin (1999) Apple juice inhibits human low density lipoprotein oxidation. Life Sci. 64: 1913-1920. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-3205(99)00137-X
  32. Gorinstein, S., H. Leontowicz, M. Leontowicz, R. Krzeminski, M. Gralak, O. Martin-Belloso, E. Delgado-Licon, R. Haruenkit, E. Katrich, Y. S. Park, S. T. Jung, and S. Trakhtenbergr (2004) Fresh Israeli Jaffa blond (Shamouti) orange and Israeli Jaffa red Star Ruby (Sunrise) grapefruit juices affect plasma lipid metabolism and antioxidant capacity in rats fed added cholesterol. J. Agric. Food Chem. 52: 4853-4859. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040006y
  33. Gorinstein, S., H. Leontowicz, M. Leontowicz, R. Krzeminski, M. Gralak, E. Delgado-Licon, A. Leticia, M. Ayala, E. Kartrich, and S. Trakhtenberg (2005) Changes in plasma lipid and antioxidant activity in rats as a result of naringin and red grapefruit supplementation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 53: 3223-3228. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf058014h
  34. Frontela-Saseta, C., R. Lopez-Nicolas, C. A. Gonzalez-Bermudez, P. Peso-Echarri, G. Ros-Berruezo, C. Martinez-Gracia, R. Canali, and F. Virgili (2011) Evaluation of antioxidant activity and antiproliferative effect of fruit juices enriched with $Pycnogenol^{cA}$ in colon carcinoma cells. The effect of in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Phytother. Res. 25: 1870-1875. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.3625

피인용 문헌

  1. Effect of Fruit-Vegetable Juices Containing Angelica keiskei on Alcohol Metabolizing Enzyme Activities in vitro vol.31, pp.1, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7841/ksbbj.2014.29.3.145
  2. Anthocyanin Analysis of Pressure-extracted Korean Blueberry Juice and in vitro Anti-inflammatory in RAW267.4 Cell line vol.30, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7841/ksbbj.2014.29.3.145

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 조선대학교