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웃음치료프로그램이 노인의 우울에 미치는 효과

Effects of Laughter Therapy on Depression in elderly

  • 투고 : 2014.04.19
  • 심사 : 2014.06.20
  • 발행 : 2014.06.28

초록

본 연구는 웃음요법이 노인의 우울에 미치는 효과를 규명하고자 시도하였다. 본 연구는 유사 실험 설계로 비동등성 대조군 전후 실험 설계이며, 경로당을 이용하는 65세 이상 노인 38명을 대상으로 하였다. 자료수집 기간은 2013년 10월 1일부터 10월 22일까지이며 실험 군(n=19명)은 4주간 매주 1회씩 50분간 웃음치료 프로그램에 참여하였고 프로그램 전 후 GDSSF-K를 이용하여 우울을 측정하였다. 자료 분석은 ${\chi}^2-test$, t-test, Mann-Whitney test, Wilcoxon signed rank test를 이용하여 분석하였다. 본 연구결과 웃음치료 프로그램은 노인의 우울을 유의하게 감소시키는 효과가 있었다(z=-2.59, p= .017). 따라서 본 연구의 웃음치료프로그램은 지역사회 노인 간호 실무에서 활용 가능하며 노인의 우울관련 간호중재 전략 수립에 유용하게 활용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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