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Effects of Laughter Therapy on Depression in elderly

웃음치료프로그램이 노인의 우울에 미치는 효과

  • Received : 2014.04.19
  • Accepted : 2014.06.20
  • Published : 2014.06.28

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a laughter therapy on depression, of elderly. Methods: A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group pretest posttest design was used. Participants (n=38) included elders. Data were collected from October 1 to 22, 2013. Experimental group (n=19) participated in laughter therapy four times, once a week for 50 min per session. Questionnaires were used to measure pretest and posttest levels of depression. Results: At the end of four-week intervention, depression score (z=-2.59, p= .017) was significantly decreased in the experimental group compared to control group. Conclusion: The study results suggest that the laughter therapy is an effective intervention to reduce the depression. It seems that this program can widely be utilized as one of nursing intervention programs for the elderly.

Keywords

aged people;depression;laughter therapy;nursing practice

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