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The Influence of Autonomy, Competency, Relatedness on Burnout among Nurses

자율성, 유능감, 관계성이 간호사 소진에 미치는 영향

  • Cho, Young-Mun (Department of Nursing, Young Dong University College of Health Industry)
  • Received : 2014.04.13
  • Accepted : 2014.06.20
  • Published : 2014.06.28

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the influence of burnout with satisfaction of basic psychological needs among nurses. From oct, 25, 2013 to nov, 25, 2013, participants included 160 nurses from 6 major general hospital located in urban areas in Korea. Data for basic psychological needs and burnout were collected through a self-reported questionnaire and were analyzed with independent t-test and analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis. This study shows negative correlations between burnout and autonomy(r=-.45, P<.001), competency(r=-.52, P<.001), relatedness(r=-.49, P<.001). The variables predicting burnout were autonomy(${\beta}=-.26$), competency(${\beta}=-.30$), relatedness(${\beta}=-.12$), age(${\beta}=-.17$), number of service years(${\beta}=.09$). These variables accounted for 34.3% of the variance of burnout in nurses. Our results indicated that it is necessary to increase basic psycological needs to decrease burnout. Therefore nursing managers should develop programs in order to increase autonomy, relatedness and competency.

Keywords

Autonomy;Burnout;Competency;Nurse;Relatedness

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