The Typology of Gender Role Identity in Middle-aged Women using Q Methodology

중년기 여성의 성역할정체감에 대한 인식: Q방법론적 접근

  • Ko, Sung-Hee (Dept. of Nursing, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Euna (Dept. of Nursing, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Myung-Ae (Dept. of Nursing, Keimyung University)
  • Received : 2014.04.01
  • Accepted : 2014.06.20
  • Published : 2014.06.28


This study aims to contribute to our knowledge on gender role identity of middle-aged women within the Korean context. This research adapting Q methodology created a sampling distribution of P with 40 middle-aged women between 40-60 years old. We put each of 40 Q samples to become a forced distribution into 9 scales. And then we conducted a secondary analysis of the results from the principal component factor analysis by the PC QUANL program. Gender role identities of middle aged women were classified as four types: "affectionate-sensitive type", "affectionate-confident type", "assertive-confident type", and "sensitive-dominant type". Most of the middle-aged women in Korea tend to keep their original gender role identities. Some of women, however, experience the gender role identity change over time that their traits of traditional caring become more prominent than their affectionate character.




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