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Hanwoo cattle: origin, domestication, breeding strategies and genomic selection

  • Lee, Seung-Hwan (Hanwoo Experiment Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Park, Byoung-Ho (Animal Genetic and Breeding Division, National Institute of Animal Science) ;
  • Sharma, Aditi (Hanwoo Experiment Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Dang, Chang-Gwon (Hanwoo Experiment Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Soo (Animal Genetic and Breeding Division, National Institute of Animal Science) ;
  • Choi, Tae-Jeong (Animal Genetic and Breeding Division, National Institute of Animal Science) ;
  • Choy, Yeon-Ho (Animal Genetic and Breeding Division, National Institute of Animal Science) ;
  • Kim, Hyeong-Cheol (Hanwoo Experiment Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Jeon, Ki-Jun (Hanwoo Experiment Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Si-Dong (Animal Genetic and Breeding Division, National Institute of Animal Science) ;
  • Yeon, Seong-Heum (Hanwoo Experiment Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Park, Soo-Bong (Animal Genetic and Breeding Division, National Institute of Animal Science) ;
  • Kang, Hee-Seol (Hanwoo Experiment Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA)
  • Received : 2014.04.07
  • Accepted : 2014.04.07
  • Published : 2014.05.15

Abstract

Hanwoo (Korean cattle) is the native, taurine type of cattle breed of Korea and its history as a draft animal dates back to 5000 Years. In earlier times Hanwoo was used extensively for farming, transportation. Over the period of time, Hanwoo has changed to be meat type cattle. Full-scale production of Hanwoo as meat-type cattle has occurred since 1960s with the rapid growth of the Korean economy. Hanwoo is one of the most economically important species in Korea as it is a significant source of nutrition to the Korean people. Hanwoo beef is the most cherished food of Korea. One of the main goals of researchers is to increase the meat quality, quantity and taste of the beef. In this review we describe the origin, domestication of Hanwoo cattle and breeding program initiated from 1980's. Moreover the advent of technological advancement had provided us a platform to perform genome wide selection on economic traits and its implementation into traditional breeding programs.

Keywords

Hanwoo (Korean cattle);Origin;Domestication and breeding program

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Institute of Animal Science

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