Carcass and body organ characteristics of broilers supplemented with dietary sodium and sodium salts under a phase feeding system

  • Mushtaq, Mirza Muhammad Haroon (Poultry Science Division, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Parvin, Rana (Poultry Science Division, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Jihyuk (Poultry Science Division, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA)
  • Received : 2014.04.07
  • Accepted : 2014.04.07
  • Published : 2014.05.15


The effect of sodium and sodium salts on carcass and body organ characteristics of broilers under a four phase feeding program were investigated. A basal diet (0.08% dNa with NaCl) was formulated and one of two sources of dNa ($NaHCO_3$ and $Na_2SO_4$) were supplemented to obtain four different percentages of dNa (0.17, 0.26, 0.35, and 0.44%) for each treatment. There was a linear decrease in dressing percentage (DP) with source ${\times}$ level interaction ($p{\leq}0.001$), while there was a linear increase in breast yield and thigh yield with increasing dNa supplementation ($p{\leq}0.001$). Chicks fed 0.35% $NaHCO_3$ and 0.44% dNa $Na_2SO_4$ supplemental salts had lower abdominal fat ($p{\leq}0.04$). Chicks that received increasing levels of dNa (from 0.17 to 0.44%) showed increasing gizzard weight ($p{\leq}0.02$) and decreasing spleen weight ($p{\leq}0.02$). When both salts were supplemented at 0.26% dNa, the chicks showed their lowest bursa weight ($p{\leq}0.001$). Consequently, chicks at higher dNa showed an increase in breast and thigh meat yield, and increasing capacity of their digestive organ. The higher levels of dNa should be tested with other cations and anions to fully understand acid base homoeostasis.


Sodium; Salt; Carcass and body organ characteristics; Phase feeding program; Broiler


Supported by : Rural Development Administration


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