Friction Weldability of Grey Cast Iron - by the Concept of Friction Weld Heat Input Parameter -

회주철의 마찰용접 특성에 관한 연구 - 입열량 이론식을 중심으로 -

  • Jeong, Ho-Shin (Dept. of Materials Science & Engineering, Pukyong National Univ.) ;
  • Bang, Kook-Soo (Dept. of Materials System Engineering, Pukyong National Univ.)
  • 정호신 (부경대학교 공과대학 재료공학과) ;
  • 방국수 (부경대학교 공과대학 신소재시스템공학과)
  • Received : 2014.03.13
  • Accepted : 2014.06.18
  • Published : 2014.06.30


Joining of grey cast iron by fusion welding has much difficulties for its extremely low ductility and low toughness because of the flake form of the graphite. And the brittle microstructure, i.e. ledeburite may be formed during fusion welding by its rapid cooling rates. By these kinds of welding problem, preheat and post heat treatment temperature must be increased to avoid weld crack or welding problems. In order to avoid these fusion welding problem, friction welding of cast iron was carried out for improving joint soundness, establishing friction welding variables. There is no factor for evaluating friction weldability in continuous drive type friction welding. In this point of view, this study proposed the parameters for calculating friction weld heat input. The results obtained are as follows ; 1. There was a close relationship between tensile strength and flash appearance of friction welded joint. 2. Tensile strength was decreased and flash was severely oxidized as increasing frictional heating time. 3. As increased forging pressure $P_2$, flash had a large crack and tensile strength was decreased. 4. As powdered graphite by rotational frictional force induced flat surface and hindered plastic flow of metal, tensile strength of welded joint was decreased. 5. Heat input for continuous drive type friction welding could be calculated by the factors of $P_1$, $P_2$ and upset distance(${\delta}$).


  1. 日本金屬學會,鐵鋼材料便覽, 1981, 837-846 (in Japanese)
  2. AWS, Welding Handbook, vol.4, 7th ed.. 217-225
  3. 鈴木春義, 最新溶接ハンドブック, 1978, 473-480 (in Japanese)
  4. ASM, Metals Handbook,9th ed.,vol.6, Welding, Brazing, and Soldering, 1985, 307-319
  5. 日本溶接學會,溶接接合便覽, 丸善, 860-864 (in Japanese)
  6. 摩擦壓接協會, 摩擦壓接, コロナ, 1979, 6-8 (in Japanese)
  7. D.E. Spindler,What industry needs to know about friction welding, Welding Journal, 73-3 (1994), 37-42
  8. E.D.Nicholas,Linear friction welding,Lectures on the 3rd International DVS conference, Flash butt and friction welding with allied processes,1991.12, 18-24
  9. PSSC, PSSC Physics,Tamgudang, 485-487(in Korean)