Identification of Herbicide-Resistant Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli var. crus-galli) Biotypes in Korea

  • Won, Ok Jae (Department of Crop Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Jeung Joo (Department of Applied Biology, IALS, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Eom, Min Yong (Department of Crop Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Suh, Su Jeoung (Department of Crop Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Park, Su Hyuk (Department of Crop Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Hwang, Ki Seon (Department of Crop Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Pyon, Jong Yeong (ReSEAT Program, Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information) ;
  • Park, Kee Woong (Department of Crop Science, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2014.05.29
  • Accepted : 2014.06.09
  • Published : 2014.06.30


The continuous use of acetolactate synthase (ALS) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase) inhibitors has led to the selection of herbicide resistant barnyardgrass populations in direct-seeded rice fields of Korea. This study was conducted to identify herbicide resistant barnyardgrass biotypes and to determine the cross- and multiple-resistance of them. 25% of the population collected from Taeahn was partially resistant to ACCase inhibitors and 22% collected from Kimjae were partially resistant to ALS inhibitors. However, 8.2% of the population from both sites was resistant to ALS and ACCase inhibitors. Resistance to sulfonylurea herbicide, flazasulfuron was identified from two barnyardgrass accessions collected from both Taeahn and Kimjae. One barnyardgrass accession from both sites was resistant to ACCase inhibitor, sethoxydim. The cross-resistance to ALS inhibitors was identified at one barnyardgrass accession from Taeahn and at two accessions from Kimjae. Further, crossresistance to ACCase inhibitors was also identified at barnyardgrass accessions from Taeahn and Kimjae. Multiple-resistance to flazasulfuron and sethoxydim was determined at four barnyardgrass accessions from Taeahn and at six accessions from Kimjae. Therefore, the herbicide mixture and sequences within a growing season or the herbicide rotation with different modes of actions across growing seasons are recommended to control herbicide-resistant barnyardgrass in infested fields.



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