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Weed Population Distribution and Change of Dominant Weed Species in Paddy Field of Southern Gyeonggi Region

경기 남부지역 논잡초 발생분포 및 군락변화

  • Park, Jungsoo (Gyeonggi Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Won, Taejin (Gyeonggi Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Roh, Ahnsung (Gyeonggi Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Jang, Jaeeun (Gyeonggi Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Heedong (Gyeonggi Agricultural Research & Extension Services)
  • Received : 2014.03.13
  • Accepted : 2014.06.12
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

Survey was carried out in paddy fields to investigate the dominance of weed species and weed occurrence on 200 fields of southern Gyeonggi region in Korea during the year 2013. We observed 3 species of grass, 5 species of sedge, and 11 species of broadleaf and other weeds. The most dominant weed species was Eleocharis kuroguwai, followed by Echinochloa crus-galli, Sagittaria trifolia, Monochoria vaginalis, Scirpus juncoides and Bidens tripartita. The dominance value of E. kuroguwai and B. tripartita decreased compared to the survey results performed in 2005 but that of M. vaginalis, S. juncoides, S. trifolia and E. crus-galli increased. Weed occurrence increased from 2.83 g in 2005 to 3.51 g in 2013 based on weed dry weight per $m^2$. Occurrence ratio of annual weeds to perennial weeds changed from 45.2% : 54.8% in 2005 to 45.8% : 54.2% in 2013. If we analyze dominance of weed species based on the rice transplanting timing, E. kuroguwai and E. crus-galli were the most dominant weed species at mid-May transplanting, and M. vaginalis and S. juncoides were the most dominant weed species at late- May transplanting, and M. vaginalis and E. kuroguwai were the most dominant weed species at early-June transplanting. Since paddy weeds resistant to sulfonylurea herbicides are expected to be continuously increased, the regular monitoring of their occurrence and efficient control methods should be considered in future.

Keywords

Dominant weeds;Gyeonggi southern region;Paddy field;Weed species

References

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  1. Optimal Weed Control Strategies in Rice Production under Dynamic and Static Decision Rules in South Korea vol.9, pp.6, 2017, https://doi.org/10.3390/su9060956