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Characteristics and Yield of Jochung Processed by Different Preparation Methods

제조 방법에 따른 쌀 조청의 특성 및 수율

  • Received : 2014.03.28
  • Accepted : 2014.05.30
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

This study was performed to increase the yield and to reduce the processing times for the preparation to improve the productivity and quality of rice jochung, a traditional food in Korea. In order to evaluate the quality characteristics and yield of jochung, the viscosity, color value, mineral contents and the sensory evaluation were measured. Jochung is prepared from steamed rice (STR), wet-milled rice flour (WRF) and dry-milled rice flour (DRF) by processing methods of rice and reacting times (6 hours or 13 hours) of liquefaction and saccharification. There is commonly added liquefying enzyme for rice liquefaction (0.4%/10 kg rice, at $85{\sim}90^{\circ}C$ for 1 hour or 4 hours) and saccharogenic enzyme with malt (2.5% or 4.5%/10 kg rice, at $56{\sim}60^{\circ}C$ for 5 hours or 9 hours). The inner structural properties of WRF showed the more distinct shape regular structure of uncombined starch particles but the DRF closely maintained particles of rice flour observed by SEM. If processing times for liquefation and saccharification were reduced from 13 hours to 6 hours, the yield of jochungs prepared with WRF increased 8%, the DRF 7%, and the STR 3% respectively and the sensory evaluation as well as color values and overall desirability received high scores. The viscosity, color a and b values of jochung processed with WRF for 6 hours were lower than that processed for 13 hours. The viscosity and color a, b value and Ca content were decreased in the jochung processed with WRF or DRF for 6 hours, but Mg, P and K were increased than that of STR. Jochung processed by 0.4% liquefying enzyme and 2.5% malt with WRF for 6 hours will increase the yield, save manufacturing times and costs and will thereby enable cost-effective techniques.

Keywords

jochung;wet-milled rice flour;time reduction;yield

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Cited by

  1. Study on Utilization and Perception of Jochung vol.25, pp.6, 2015, https://doi.org/10.17495/easdl.2015.12.25.6.979
  2. Quality Characteristics of Gastrodia elata Extract Glutinous Rice Porridge Jochung and Principal Component Analysis of Antioxidant Activity vol.25, pp.6, 2015, https://doi.org/10.17495/easdl.2015.12.25.6.1018

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립농업과학원