The Applicability of the Acid Mine Drainage Sludge in the Heavy Metal Stabilization in Soils

산성광산배수슬러지의 토양 중금속 안정화 적용 가능성

  • Kim, Min-Suk (Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Min, Hyungi (Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Lee, Byeongjoo (Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Chang, Sein (Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Gyu (Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Koo, Namin (Division of Forest Soil & Water Conservation, Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Park, Jeong-Sik (Environmental Safety Team, Korea Testing & Research Institute) ;
  • Bak, Gwan-In (Technology Research Center, Mine Reclamation Corporation)
  • 김민석 (고려대학교 환경생태공학과) ;
  • 민현기 (고려대학교 환경생태공학과) ;
  • 이병주 (고려대학교 환경생태공학과) ;
  • 장세인 (고려대학교 환경생태공학과) ;
  • 김정규 (고려대학교 환경생태공학과) ;
  • 구남인 (국립산림과학원 산림수토보전과) ;
  • 박정식 (한국화학융합시험연구원 환경안전팀) ;
  • 박관인 (한국광해관리공단 광해기술연구소)
  • Received : 2014.05.16
  • Accepted : 2014.06.16
  • Published : 2014.06.30


BACKGROUND: Recent studies using various industrial wastes for heavy metal stabilization in soil were conducted in order to find out new alternative amendments. The acid mine drainage sludge(AMDS) contains lots of metal oxides(hydroxides) that may be useful for heavy metal stabilization not only waste water treatment but also soil remediation. The aim of this study was to investigate the applicability of acid mine drainage sludge for heavy metals stabilization in soils METHODS AND RESULTS: Alkali soil contaminated with heavy metals was collected from the agricultural soils affected by the abandoned mine sites nearby. Three different amounts(1%, 3%, 5%) of AMDS were applied into control soil and contaminated soil. For determining the changes in the extractable heavy metals, $CaCl_2$ and Mehlich-3 were applied as chemical assessments for metal stabilization. For biological assessments, lettuce(Lactuca sativa L.) and chinese cabbage(Brassica rapa var. glabra) were cultivated and accumulation of heavy metals on each plant were determined. It was revealed that AMDS reduced heavy metal mobility and bioavailability in soil, which resulted in the decreases in the accumulation of As, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn in each plant. CONCLUSION: Though the high level of heavy metal concentrations in AMDS, any considerable increase in the heavy metal availability was not observed with control and contaminated soil. In conclusion, these results indicated that AMDS could be applied to heavy metal contaminated soil as an alternative amendments for reducing heavy metal mobility and bioavailability.


Acid mine drainage sludge;Bioavailability;Heavy metals;Phytotoxicity;Stabilization


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