- Volume 52 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
The Effects of Individual Characteristics and Teacher-Child Conflictual Relationships on Young Children's Aggression
유아의 개인내적요인과 교사-유아 갈등 관계가 유아의 공격성에 미치는 영향
- Lee, Kyung Nim (Department of Child and Family Studies, Dong-A University)
- 이경님 (동아대학교 아동가족학과)
- Received : 2013.04.03
- Accepted : 2013.12.10
- Published : 2014.06.30
This study examined the effects of young children's effortful control and emotional regulation, teacher-child conflictual relationships on young children's overt and relational aggression. The subjects of this study were 372, 3-5 years old children and their teachers. Young children's aggression, effortful control, emotional regulation, and teacher-child relationships were assessed by a teacher's report. The collected data were analyzed by t -test, Pearson correlations, and pathway analysis. The results were as follows: first, the boys' overt aggression was found to be greater than that of the girls,' while, there was no difference in relational aggression between boys and girls. Second, the boys' and girls' effortful control was found to affect the young children's overt and relational aggression indirectly through emotional regulation, and teacher-child conflictual relationships. For the girls, effortful control was found to affect overt aggression directly. Third, teacher-child conflictual relationships and emotional regulation were found to affect boys' and girls' overt and relational aggression directly and to mediate between boys' and girls' effortful control and overt and relational aggression. Further, for girls, emotional regulation was found to mediate between teacher-child conflictual relationships and overt and relational aggression. Additionally, effortful control was found to be the most important variable predicting boys' and girls' overt aggression, while a teacher-child conflictual relationship was the most important variable for boys' and girls' relational aggression.
Supported by : Dong-A University
- Coie, J. D., & Dodge, K. A. (1998). Aggression and antisocial behavior. In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology, Vol. 3: Social, Emotional, and Personality Development (5th ed., pp. 779-862). New York, NY: Wiley.
- Crick, N. R., Casas, J. F., & Mosher, M. (1997). Relational and overt aggression in preschool. Developmental Psychology, 33(4), 579-588. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-16220.127.116.119 https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1689
- Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1995). Relational aggression, gender, and social-psychological adjustment. Child Development, 66(3), 710-722. https://doi.org/10.2307/1131945
- DeMulder, E. K., Denham, S., Schmidt, M., & Mitchell, J. (2000). Q-sort assessment of attachment security during the preschool years: Links from home to school. Developmental Psychology, 36(2), 274-282. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1622.214.171.1244 https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16126.96.36.1994
- Dodge, K. A., Coie, J., & Lynam, D. (2006). Aggression and antisocial behavior in youth. In W. Damon, R. M. Lerner, & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology, Vol. 3: Social, Emotional, and Personality Development (6th ed., pp. 719-788). New York, NY: Wiley. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470147658.chpsy0312
- Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R. A., Nyman, M., Bernzweig, J., & Pinuelas, A. (1994). The relations of emotionality and regulation to children's anger-related reactions. Child Development, 65(1), 109-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1994.tb00738.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1994.tb00738.x
- Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R. A., & Spinrad, T. L. (2006). Prosocial development. In W. Damon, R. M. Lerner, & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology, Vol. 3: Social, Emotional, and Personality Development (6th ed., pp. 646-718). New York, NY: Wiley. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470147658.chpsy0311
- Eisenberg, N., Hoffer, C., & Vaughan, J. (2007). Effortful control and its socioemotional consequences. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation (pp. 287-306). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
- Arsenio, W. F., & NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. (2004). Trajectories of Physical Aggression from Toddlerhood to Middle Childhood: Predictors, Correlates, and Outcomes. Boston, MA: Blackwell.
- Bae, Y. J. (2012). The relationships among parents' effortful control, affectionate parenting behavior, preschooler's effortful control, prosocial behavior, and cognitive problem-solving ability (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Kungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
- Bae, Y. J., & Lim, J. Y. (2011). Analysis of trends in research on effortful control. Korean Journal of Human Ecology, 20(1), 57-70. https://doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.1.057
- Baron, R. A., Byrne, D. E., & Griffitt, W. (1994). Social Psychology: Understanding Human Interaction (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
- Berkowitz, L. (1993). Aggression: Its Causes, Consequences, and Control. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
- Birch, S. H., & Ladd, G. W. (1998). Children's interpersonal behaviors and the teacher-child relationship. Developmental Psychology, 34(5), 934-946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-16188.8.131.524 https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16184.108.40.2064
- Bornstein, M. C., & Lamb, M. E. (2009). Developmental Science (G. J. Kwag, M. H. Kim, H. E. Shin, Y. S. Kim, S. B. Lee, & S. J. Lee, Trans.). Seoul: Hakjisa. (Original work published 2005).
- Cheon, S. H., & Cho, E. J. (2011). An analysis of teacher-child relationship as perceived by teachers and children and the variables affecting such relationships. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 32(4), 167-183.
- Shin, Y. L. (2010). The influence of maternal love withdrawal, preschoolers' emotional regulation, verbal ability on relational aggression. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 48(7), 15-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.6115/khea.2010.48.7.015 https://doi.org/10.6115/khea.2010.48.7.015
- Steinberg, L., Vandel, D. L., & Bornstein, M. H. (2012). Development: Infant through Adolescence (K. J. Kwag, K. E. Kim, G. Y. Kim, Y. S. Kim, K. Y. Lee, & S. Y. Han, Trans.). Seoul: Cengage Learning. (Original work published 2011).
- Valiente, C., Lemery-Chalfant, K., & Reiser, M. (2007). Pathways to problem behaviors: Chaotic homes, parent and child effortful control, and parenting. Social Development, 16(2), 249-267. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00383.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00383.x
- Vaughn, B. E., Kopp, C. B., & Krakow, J. B. (1984). The emergence and consolidation of self-control from eighteen to thirty months of age: Normative trends and individual differences. Child Development, 55(3), 990-1004. https://doi.org/10.2307/1130151
- Yoon, S. J. (2012). The mediating effects of teacher-child relationship on children's self-control and aggression. Korean Journal of Early Childhood Education, 32(5), 145-161.
- Yoon, S. J., & Kim, M. K. (2011). Teacher-child relationships and peer relationships by young children's aggression. Journal of Korean Child Care and Education, 7(4), 49-68.
- Woo, S. K., & Choi, K. Y. (2002). Variables related gender differences in structural analysis of children's emotional competence. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 23(6), 15-32.
- Pianta, R. C. (1991). The Student Teacher Relationship Scale (Unpublished paper). University of Virginia Charlotleville, Charlottesville, VA.
- Ra, D. S. (2007). The effects of child care teacher's self-efficacy and quality of teacher-child relationship on the social adjustment of children. The Korea Association of Child Care and Education, 48, 19-34.
- Rothbart, M. K. (2003). Temperament and the pursuit of an integrated developmental psychology. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 50, 492-505.
- Rothbart, M. K., Ahadi, S. A., & Hershey, K. L. (1994). Temperament and social behavior in childhood. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 40, 21-39.
- Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (2006). Temperament. In W. Damon, R. M. Lerner, & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology, Vol. 3: Social, Emotional, and Personality Development (6th ed., pp. 99-166). New York, NY: Wiley. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470147658. chpsy0303
- Rudasill, K. M., & Rimm-Kaufman, S. E. (2009). Teacher-child relationship quality: The roles of child temperament snd teacherchild interactions. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 24(2), 107-120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2008.12.003 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2008.12.003
- Schields, A., & Cicchetti, D. (1998). Reactive aggression among maltreated children: The contribution of attention and emotion dysregulation. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 27(4), 381-395. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp2704_2 https://doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp2704_2
- Schwartz, D., & Proctor, L. J. (2000, July). Community violence exposure as a predictor of aggression and peer victimization. Paper presented at the 16th Biennial Meetings for the International Society of the Study of Behavioural Development, Beizing, China.
- Lee, S. B., & Shin, Y. L. (2011). Effects of child, day care, and home variables on physical and relational aggression of preschool children. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 49(9), 111-120. https://doi.org/10.6115/khea.2011.49.9.111
- Mantizicopoulos, P. (2005). Conflictual relationship between kindergarten children and their teachers: Associations with child and classroom context variables. Journal of School Psychology, 43(5), 425-442. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsp.2005.09.004 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsp.2005.09.004
- Moon, S. H., & Lee, K. N. (2012). Effects of young children's temperament and teacher-child relationship on young children's problem behaviors. Journal of Korean Child Care and Education, 8(3), 69-89.
- Moon, Y. K. (2009). The effects of maternal emotional availability on preschooler's social skills and problem behaviors: Mediating effects of preschooler's effortul control (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
- Park, J. S., Lim, S. H., & Park, S. Y. (2009). Effects of child's temperament, mother's parenting behavior, and child's emotion regulation on child aggression and social withdrawal. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 30(3), 85-98.
- Park, S. H. (2012). The relation of mothers' parenting behavior and children's emotion regulation to children's social competence (Unpublished master's thesis). Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
- Park, Y. T., & Lee, K. N. (2011). Effects of maternal parenting, temperament and teacher-child relationship on self-control of children. The Journal of Korea Open Association for Early Childhood Education, 16(1), 235-256.
- Parker, J. G., & Asher, S. R. (1987). Peer relations and later personal adjustment: Are low-accepted children at-risk? Psychological Bulletin, 102(3), 357-389. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.102.3.357
- Kim, J. H., & Park, K. J. (2006). Children's aggression: Effects of maternal parenting behaviors, children's social information processing, daily hassles, and emotional regulation. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 27(3), 149-168.
- Kim, K. H. (1999). Development of emotional intelligence rating scale for preschool children (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
- Kim, S. H. (2009). The effects of temperament and teacher-child relationships on young children's behavior problems. Korean Journal of Early Childhood Education, 29(5), 203-224.
- Kochanska, G., & Knaack, A. (2003). Effortful control as a personality characteristic of young children: Antecedents, correlates, and consequences. Journal of Personality, 71(6), 1087-1112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.7106008 https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.7106008
- Kwon, Y. H. (2012). The relationships between maternal parenting behaviors and children's aggressions: The moderating role of teacherchild conflictual relationship. The Journal of Korea Open Association for Early Childhood Education, 17(1), 1-19.
- Lee, B. L. (1997). Relationship between kindergartener's emotion regulation and their parents' psychological life position (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
- Lee, J. S. (2002). Preschool children's representation of attachment: Associations with teacher-child relationship and social competence (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
- Lee, S. A., & Hyun, E. J. (2010). Teacher-child relations: Interactions with children's peer competence and self-regulation. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 31(2), 1-15.
- Lee, S. B. (2011). Variables that influence physical and relational aggression of preschool children (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
- Fagot, B. I., & Leinbach, M. D. (1989). The young child's gender schema: Environmental input, internal organization. Child Development, 60(3), 663-672. https://doi.org/10.2307/1130731
- Gottman, J. M., Katz, L. F., & Hooven, C. (1997). Meta-emotion: How Families Communicate Emotionally. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Han, E. G. (2004). Children's motive and competence for emotional regulation and behavior problems. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 42(3), 66-78.
- Harris, M. B. (1992). Sex, race, and experience of aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 18(3), 201-217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1098-2337(1992)18:3<201::AID-AB2480180304>3.0.CO;2-G https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-2337(1992)18:3<201::AID-AB2480180304>3.0.CO;2-G
- Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modelling, 6(1), 1-55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118 https://doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118
- Hudley, C., & Graham, S. (1993). An attributional intervention to reduce peer-directed aggression among African-American boy. Child Development, 64(1), 124-138. https://doi.org/10.2307/1131441
- Kail, R. V. (2007). Children and Their Development (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education/Prentice Hall.
- Kang, J. W., & Kim, S. J. (2006). The effects of children's maladjusted behaviors on teaching stress and teacher-child relationship. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 27(1), 17-30.
- Kim, I. S., Kim, Y. J., & Kim, Y. H. (2010). The effects of attachment to the mother, mother's parenting style & young children's emotional regulation on aggression. Journal of Educational Studies, 41(3), 175-202.
- Kim, J. H., Jung, J. N., Kwon, Y. H., & Min, S. H. (2009). Relations between mother's responses about their preschooler's overt and relational aggression by preschoolers' aggressive behaviors. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 30(2), 145-159.