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The Effects of Individual Characteristics and Teacher-Child Conflictual Relationships on Young Children's Aggression

유아의 개인내적요인과 교사-유아 갈등 관계가 유아의 공격성에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Kyung Nim (Department of Child and Family Studies, Dong-A University)
  • 이경님 (동아대학교 아동가족학과)
  • Received : 2013.04.03
  • Accepted : 2013.12.10
  • Published : 2014.06.30

Abstract

This study examined the effects of young children's effortful control and emotional regulation, teacher-child conflictual relationships on young children's overt and relational aggression. The subjects of this study were 372, 3-5 years old children and their teachers. Young children's aggression, effortful control, emotional regulation, and teacher-child relationships were assessed by a teacher's report. The collected data were analyzed by t -test, Pearson correlations, and pathway analysis. The results were as follows: first, the boys' overt aggression was found to be greater than that of the girls,' while, there was no difference in relational aggression between boys and girls. Second, the boys' and girls' effortful control was found to affect the young children's overt and relational aggression indirectly through emotional regulation, and teacher-child conflictual relationships. For the girls, effortful control was found to affect overt aggression directly. Third, teacher-child conflictual relationships and emotional regulation were found to affect boys' and girls' overt and relational aggression directly and to mediate between boys' and girls' effortful control and overt and relational aggression. Further, for girls, emotional regulation was found to mediate between teacher-child conflictual relationships and overt and relational aggression. Additionally, effortful control was found to be the most important variable predicting boys' and girls' overt aggression, while a teacher-child conflictual relationship was the most important variable for boys' and girls' relational aggression.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Dong-A University

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