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Low-pathogenic Pinewood Nematode Found in Dead Trees and Resistance of Pines Induced by Its Pre-inoculation

고사목에서 발견되는 저병원성 소나무재선충 및 이의 인공접종에 의하여 유도되는 소나무의 저항성

  • Received : 2014.02.25
  • Accepted : 2014.03.31
  • Published : 2014.06.01

Abstract

Pinewood nematode (PWN: Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) is known to kill pine tree species that are indigenous to countries where the pest was inadvertently imported, but some cultures from the extraction of dead pines do not damage trees. Experiments were conducted to examine the effect of pre-inoculation of these low-pathogenic pinewood nematode on resistance of pine trees against the pest species. The pre-inoculated pine saplings showed induced resistance which lasted for a year, and repeated inoculation of these low-pathogenic nematodes enhanced tree resistance. All nematode samples extracted from dying or dead pines that had been killed not more than three months before the extraction were pathogenic, and most of those extracted from pines that had been killed 2-3 years before were low-pathogenic. When inoculated in pine saplings, number of low-pathogenic nematodes settled, as studied two days after inoculation, was not different from that of pathogenic ones. However, as studied after 30 days of inoculation, rate of reproduction in low-pathogenic nematodes was far lower than that of pathogenic nematodes. The rate of reproduction of several nematode isolates growing on fungal mat media of Botrytis cinerea varied, but three of four low-pathogenic isolates showed same level of reproduction rates as pathogenic ones.

소나무재선충은 현재까지 도입된 국가의 토착수종인 소나무류를 모두 치사시키는 것으로 알려져 있으나, 고사목으로부터 추출 배양된 계통 중에는 소나무에 피해를 주지 않는 계통이 존재한다. 이러한 저병원성 계통 선충의 사전접종이 고병원성 소나무재선충에 대한 소나무의 저항성에 미치는 영향을 조사하기 위하여 연구가 수행되었다. 치수에 저병원성 소나무재선충을 선접종한 결과, 선접종에 의하여 소나무재선충에 대한 저항력이 유도되었다. 그 유도저항성은 1년 후까지 유지되었으며, 저병원성 선충의 반복 감염은 보다 저항성 유도 효과가 큰 것으로 나타났다. 소나무재선충에 의하여 고사한 후 경과기간이 3개월 이하인 피해목 및 피해진행목에서 분리된 선충은 모두 고병원성이었으며, 고사 후 2-3년이 경과한 벌채목에서 분리된 선충 5계통 중 4계통은 저병원성이었다. 저병원성 선충이 소나무 치수에 인공접종 되었을 때 초기 정착률은 고병원성 선충과 차이가 없었으나, 접종 30일 후에 수목내의 부위별 개체수를 조사한바 저병원성 선충의 증식률은 고병원성보다 현저히 낮았다. 저병원성 선충의 잿빛곰팡이병 균사배지에서의 선충증식 속도는 계통에 따라 차이가 있었으며, 증식속도가 빠른 계통은 대체로 고병원성 선충의 증식속도와 차이가 없었다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립산림과학원

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