Parasitism Rate of Egg Parasitoid Anastatus orientalis (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) on Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) in China

중국에서 알기생봉 Anastatus orientalis (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae)의 꽃매미 Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) 알에 대한 기생율

  • Choi, Man-Young (National Institute of Crop Science (NICS), Rural Development Administration (RDA)) ;
  • Yang, Zhong-Qi (Key Laboratory of Forest Protection SFA) ;
  • Wang, Xiao-Yi (Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry) ;
  • Tang, Yan-Long (Key Laboratory of Forest Protection SFA) ;
  • Hou, Zhen-Rong (Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry) ;
  • Kim, Jeong Hwan (Key Laboratory of Forest Protection SFA) ;
  • Byeon, Young Woong (Rural Development Administration, RDA)
  • 최만영 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 벼맥류부 간척지농업과) ;
  • ;
  • ;
  • ;
  • ;
  • 김정환 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 작물보호과) ;
  • 변영웅 (농촌진흥청 연구정책국)
  • Received : 2013.10.29
  • Accepted : 2014.03.25
  • Published : 2014.06.01


Anastatus orientalis Yang et Gibson(Hymenoptera : Eupelmidae) is the egg parasitoid of lantern-fly Lycorma delicatula. The natural parasitism showed that: (1)the highest parasitism rate of egg masses was 68.96% in Yantai Shandong; (2)the highest parasitism rate of eggs was 32.98% in Haidian Beijing; (3)the eggs of parasitoids hatched and emerged earliest in Yangling Shaanxi; emergence time of different populations in Yantai, Guangang Tianjin, Qinhuangdao Hebei and Haidian was similar; (4) the sex ratios were various among the populations ranging from 1.92 to 1.94; (5) parasitism rates of egg masses on Populus sp., Salix sp. and Toona sinensis were not significantly different, the highest parasitism rate of egg masses was 64.3% on T. sinensis, and the lowest rate was 27.4% on Ailanthus altissima; (6)parasitism rates of eggs on Populus sp., Salix sp., T. sinensis and A. altissima were not significantly different, about 30% averagely.

꽃매미(Lycorma delicatula)의 천적인 벼룩좀벌 일종(Anastatus orientalis Yang et Gibson(Hymenoptera : Eupelmidae))의 자연 상태에서 기생율을 조사한 결과: (1) 산동성 Yantai 에서 가장 높은 69.0%의 꽃매미 난괴가 기생 당하였고; (2) 최고 기생율은 33.0%로 북경시 하이디엔(Haidian) 지역에서 관찰되었고; (3) 기생봉의 알은 산시성의 양링(Yangling)에서 가장 빨리 부화하였으며, 천진시의 옌타이(Yantai)와 광앙(Guangang) 지역, 하북성의 친황다오(Qinhuangdao), 하이디엔(Haidian)에서 약간의 차이를 보였으며; (4) 성비는 채집된 지역에 따라 1.3에서 1.9로 다양하였고; (5) 꽃매미 난괴에 대한 기생율은 기주식물인 Populus sp., Salix sp. Toona sinensis에서 유의할 만한 차이가 관찰되지 않았으며, 최고기생율은 T. sinensis에서 64.3%로 나타났고, Ailanthus altissima에서는 27.4%로 가장 낮았다. (6) 꽃매미 알에 대해서도 꽃매미 알이 발견된 기주식물별로 차이가 없었고, 평균 30.0%의 기생율을 나타냈다.



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