DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Tobacco Cessation in India: How Can Oral Health Professionals Contribute?

  • Oberoi, Sukhvinder Singh (Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research) ;
  • Sharma, Gaurav (Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research) ;
  • Nagpal, Archana (Oral Medicine and Radiology, PDM College of Dental Sciences) ;
  • Oberoi, Avneet (Oberoi Dental Clinic and Orthodontic Centre)
  • 발행 : 2014.03.01

초록

Tobacco use is described as the single most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality globally, with the World Bank predicting over 450 million tobacco-related deaths in the next fifty years. In India, the proportion of all deaths that can be attributed to tobacco use is expected to rise from 1.4% in 1990 to 13.3% in 2020 of which smoking alone will cause about 930,000 adult deaths by 2010. Many studies have shown that counseling from a health professional is an effective method of helping patients quit the tobacco habit. Tobacco cessation needs to be urgently expanded by training health professionals in providing routine clinical interventions, increasing availability and subsidies of pharmacotherapy, developing wide-reaching strategies such as quitlines, and costeffective strategies, including group interventions. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) emphasizes the vital contribution of participation of health professional bodies, as well as training and healthcare institutions in tobacco control efforts. Dentists can play an important role in helping patients quit using tobacco. One of the key strategies to reduce tobacco-related morbidity and mortality is to encourage the involvement of health professionals in tobacco-use prevention and cessation counselling. The dental office is an ideal setting for tobacco cessation services since preventive treatment services, oral screening, and patient education have always been a large part of the dental practice.

참고문헌

  1. Gorin SS, Heck JE (2004). Meta analysis TC on Health professionals. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 13, 2012-22.
  2. Glynn TJ (1988). Relative effectiveness of physician-initiated smoking cessation programs. Cancer Bull, 40, 359-64.
  3. Goldman L. Bennett JC (2000). Cecil Textbook of Medicine. 21st ed. Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Company, 34-5.
  4. Gordon JS, Lichtenstein E, Severson HH, Andrews JA (2006). Tobacco cessation in dental settings, research findings and future directions. Drug Alcohol Rev, 25, 27-37 https://doi.org/10.1080/09595230500459495
  5. Government of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (2010). Global Adult Survey GATS India-2009-10.
  6. Indian Dental Association (2011). Tobacco Intervention Initiative.
  7. Jang AS, Park SW, Kim DJ, et al (2010). Effects of smoking cessation on Airflow obstruction and quality of life in asthmatic smokers. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res, 2, 254-9. https://doi.org/10.4168/aair.2010.2.4.254
  8. Jha P, Jacob B, Gajalakshmi V, Gupta PC, Dhingra N, Kumar R, et al (2008). A nationally representative case-control study of smoking and death in India. N Engl J Med, 358, 1137-47. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsa0707719
  9. Jha P, Ranson MK, Nguyen SN, Yach D (2002). Estimates of Global and Regional Smoking Prevalence in 1995 by Age and Sex. Am J Public Health, 92, 1002-6. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.92.6.1002
  10. Jiloha RC (2008). Tobacco Use Health and Behavior. 1st Edition New Age International Publications, New Delhi. and World Health Organization (2008). Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2008-The MPOWER package.
  11. John J (2006). Tobacco cessation counselling interventions delivered by dental professionals may be effective in helping tobacco users to quit. Evid Based Dent, 7, 40-1. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ebd.6400400
  12. Ezzati M, Henley SJ, Lopez AD, Thun MJ (2005). Role of smoking in global and regional cancer epidemiology, current patterns and data needs. Int J Cancer, 116, 963-71. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.21100
  13. Deatona C, Froelicher ES, Wuc LH (2011). The global burden of cardiovascular disease. Eur J Cardiovasc Nursing, 10, 5-13.
  14. Director General of Health Service (2012), Government of India. Indian Public Health Standard- Guideline for Primary Care Centres (PHC), revised 2012. New Delhi, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
  15. Douglas-England K (2004). TriAd Research Group Inc. AAA program final evaluation report. Edmonton, Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission.
  16. Ezzati M, Henley SJ, Michael J, Thun MJ, Lopez AD (2005). Role of smoking in global and regional cardiovascular mortality. Circulation, 112, 489-97. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.104.521708
  17. Ezzati M, Lopez AD (2004). Regional, disease specific patterns of smoking-attributable mortality in 2000. Tob Control, 13, 388-95. https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.2003.005215
  18. Fiore MC, Baily WC, Cohen SJ, et al (2000). Treating tobacco use and dependence, clinical practice guideline. US department of health and human services. rockville (MD), public health service, 2000.
  19. Fried JL, Rubinstein-DeVore L (1990). Tobacco use cessation curricula in the U.S. dental schools and dental hygiene programs. J Dent Educ, 54, 730-5.
  20. Gajalakshmi V, Peto R, Kanaka TS, Jha P (2003). Smoking and mortality from tuberculosis and other diseases in India, retrospective study of 43000 adult male deaths and 35000 controls. Lancet, 362, 507-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(03)14109-8
  21. Gandini S, Botteri E, Iodice S, et al (2008). Tobacco smoking and cancer, a meta-analysis. Int J Cancer, 122, 155-64. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.23033
  22. Cannick GF, Horowitz AM, Reed SG, Drury TF, Day TA (2006). Opinions of South Carolina dental students toward tobacco use interventions. J Public Health Dent, 66, 44-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-7325.2006.tb02550.x
  23. Bolman C, de Vries H, Mesters I (2002). Factors determining cardiac nurses' intentions to continue using of smoking cessation protocol. Heart Lung, 31, 15-24. https://doi.org/10.1067/mhl.2002.119834
  24. Campbell HS, Simpson EH, Petty TL, Jennett PA (2001). Addressing oral disease - the case for tobacco cessation services. J Can Dent Assoc, 67, 141-4.
  25. Campbell HS, Sletten M, Petty TL (1999). Patient perceptions of tobacco cessation services in dental offices. J Am Dent Assoc, 130, 219-26. https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1999.0171
  26. Carr AB, Ebbert JO (2006). Interventions for tobacco cessation in the dental setting. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 25.
  27. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1994). Preventing tobacco use among young people, A report of the Surgeon General (executive summary). Retrieved December 2, 2013,
  28. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1996). Cigarette smoking among adults, United States. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 45, 588-90.
  29. Chaly PE (2007). Tobacco control in India. Indian J Dent Res, 18, 2-5. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-9290.30913
  30. Danaei G, Vander Hoorn S, Lopez AD, Murray CJ, Ezzati M (2005). Comparative risk assessment collaborating group (Cancers). Causes of cancer in the world, comparative risk assessment of nine behavioural and environmental risk factors. Lancet, 366, 1784-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67725-2
  31. Davis JM, Ramsier CA, Mattheos N, et al (2010). Education of tobacco use prevention and cessation for dental professionals-a paradigm shift. Int Dent J, 60, 61-72.
  32. Davis R (1993). When doctors smoke. Tob Control, 2, 187-8. https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.2.3.187
  33. Moore SR, Johnson NW, Pierce AM, Wilson DF (2000). The epidemiology of mouth cancer, A review of global incidence. Oral Dis, 6, 65-74.
  34. Miguez MC, Vazques FL, Becona E (2002). Effectiveness of telephone contact as adjunct to s self-help program for smoking cessation, a randomized controlled trial in Spanish smokers. Addict Behav, 27, 139-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-4603(00)00166-0
  35. Mohanty VR, Rajesh GR, Aruna DS (2011). Role of dental institutions in tobacco cessation in India, current status and future prospects. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 2673-80. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.4.2673
  36. Monaghan N (2002). What is the role of dentists in smoking cessation? Br Dent J, 193, 611-2. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.4801642
  37. Murray CJ, Lopez AD (1997). Alternative projections of mortality and disability by cause 1990-2020, Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet, 349, 1498-504. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(96)07492-2
  38. Murthy NS, Mathew A (2004). Cancer epidemiology, prevention and control. Current Science, 86, 518-27.
  39. Murthy P, Saddicchha S (2010). Tobacco cessation services in India, Recent developments and the need for expansion. Indian J Cancer, 47, 69-74. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-509X.63873
  40. Aquilino ML, Lowe JB (2004). Approaches to tobacco control, the evidence base. Eur J Dent Educ, 8, 11-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-5863.2004.00317.x
  41. Benefits from Quitting Tobacco Use (2013). Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids.
  42. Binnal A, Rajesh G, Denny C, Ahmed J (2012). Insights into the tobacco cessation scenario among dental graduates, an Indian perspective. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 2611-7. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.6.2611
  43. Anantha N, Nandakumar A, Vishwanath N, et al (1995). Efficacy of an anti-tobacco community education program in India. Cancer Causes Control, 6, 119-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00052772
  44. Annamalai University (2011). Directorate of distance Education, Medical Education Programs, Post Graduate Diploma in Tobacco Control.
  45. Kanavos P (2006). The rising burden of cancer in the developing world. Ann Oncol, 17, 15-23.
  46. John RM, Sung HY, Max W (2009). Economic cost of tobacco use in India, 2004. Tob Control, 18, 138-43. https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.2008.027466
  47. Johnson GK, Hill M (2004). Cigarette smoking and the periodontal patient. J Periodontol, 75, 196-209. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2004.75.2.196
  48. Johnson N (2001). Tobacco use and oral cancer, A global perspective. J Dent Educ, 65, 328-39.,
  49. Kenfield SA, Stampfer MJ, Rosner BA, Colditz GA (2008). Smoking and smoking cessation in relation to mortality. JAMA, 299, 2037-47. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.299.17.2037
  50. Kulik MC, Nusselder WJ, Boshuizen HC, et al (2012) Comparison of Tobacco Control Scenarios, Quantifying Estimates of Long Term Health Impact Using the DYNAMO-HIA Modeling Tool. PLoS One, 7, 32363. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032363
  51. Lancaster T, Stead L, Silagy C, Sowden A (2000). Effectiveness of interventions to help people stop smoking, Findings from the Cochrane Library. BMJ, 321, 355-8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.321.7257.355
  52. Lloyd-Jones D, Adams RJ, Brown TM, et al (2010). Heart disease and stroke statistics-2010 update, A report from the American heart association. Circulation, 121, 46-215. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192667
  53. Locker D (1992). Smoking and oral health in older adults. Can J Public Health, 83, 429-32.
  54. Mackay J, Eriksen M (2002). The tobacco atlas. Geneva, World Health Organization.
  55. Mathers CD, Loncar D (2006). Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from 2002 to 2030. PLoS Med, 3, 442. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0030442
  56. McBride PE (1992). The health consequences of smoking, Cardiovascular disease. Med Clin North Am, 76, 333-53.
  57. Mellsted H (2006). Cancer initiatives in developing countries. Ann Oncol, 17, 24-31.
  58. Poul Erik Petersen (2003). Tobacco and Oral Health-the Role of the World Health Organization. Oral Health Prev Dent, 1, 309-15.
  59. Peto R, Lopez AD, Boreham J, Thun M, Heath Jr C (1994). Mortality from smoking in developed countries 1950-2000. Indirect estimation from National Vital Statistics. Oxford (UK), Oxford University Press.
  60. Pollak KI, Arredondo EM, Yarnall KS, et al (2001). How do residents prioritize smoking cessation for young "High risk" women? Factors associated with addressing smoking cessation. Prev Med, 33, 292-9. https://doi.org/10.1006/pmed.2001.0884
  61. Polychonopoulou A, Gatou T, Athanassouli T (2004). Greek dental students' attitudes toward tobacco control programmes. Int Dent J, 54, 119-25. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1875-595X.2004.tb00266.x
  62. Public Health Foundation of India (2011). Strengthening of Tobacco Control Efforts through Innovative Partnerships and Strategies. (STEPS). Distance Learning certificate program, Short term Courses on tobacco control.
  63. Rajasundaram P, Sequeira PS, Jain J (2011). Perceptions of dental students in India about smoking cessation counseling. J Dent Educ, 75, 1603-10.
  64. Rani M, Bonu S, Jha P, Nguyen SN, Jamjoum L (2003). Tobacco use in India, Prevalence and predictors of smoking and chewing in a national cross sectional household survey. Tob Control, 12, 4. https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.12.4.e4
  65. Reddy KS, Gupta PC (2005). Report on tobacco control in India. New Delhi, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, 2005.
  66. Richmond RL (1999). Physicians can make a difference with smokers, evidence-based clinical approaches. Presentation given during the symposium on smoking cessation at the 29th world conference of the IUATLD/UICTMR and global congress on lung health, Bangkok, Thailand, 23-26 November 1998. International union against tuberculosis and lung disease. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis, 3, 100-12.
  67. Newton JT, Palmer RM (1997). The role of the dental team in the promotion of smoking cessation. Br Dent J, 182, 353-5. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.4809381
  68. Nagy K, Barabas K, Nari T (2004). Attitudes of Hungarian health care professional students to tobacco and alcohol. Eur J Dent Educ, 4, 32-5.
  69. National Family Health Survey 3. 2005-2006. National Institute of Human Allied Neurosciences, Benguluru (2011).
  70. Needleman IG, Binnie VI, Ainamo A, et al (2010). Improving the effectiveness of tobacco use cessation (TUC). Int Dent, 60, 50-9.
  71. Owen N, Davies MJ (1990). Smokers' preferences for assistance with cessation. Prev Med, 19, 424-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/0091-7435(90)90040-Q
  72. Pelkonen M, Notkola IL, Tukiainen H, et al (2001). Smoking cessation, decline in pulmonary function and total mortality, a 30 year follow up study among the Finnish cohorts of the Seven Countries Study. Thorax, 56, 703-7. https://doi.org/10.1136/thorax.56.9.703
  73. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2012). Preventing tobacco use among youth and young adults, A report of the surgeon general. Atlanta, GA, U.S. department of health and human services, Centers for disease control and prevention, National center for chronic disease prevention and health promotion, Office on smoking and health.
  74. Tobacco Use Cessation Services and the Role of the Dental Hygienist-A CDHA position paper (2004). Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, 38, 260-79.
  75. Tomar SL, Husten CG, Manley MW (1996). Do dentists and physicians advise tobacco users to quit?. J Am Dent Assoc, 127, 259-65. https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1996.0179
  76. Tzelepis F, Paul CL, Wiggers J, et al (2010). A randomised controlled trial of proactive telephone counselling on coldcalled smokers' cessation rates Tob Control tc.2010.035956.
  77. US Department of Health and Human Services (1990). The health benefits of smoking cessation, a report of the surgeon general. Betheseda, MD, US public health service, Office on smoking and health, 1990.
  78. Uti OG, Sofola OO (2011). Smoking Cessation Counseling in Dentistry, Attitudes of Nigerian Dentists and Dental Students. J Dent Educ, 75, 406-12.
  79. Vanobbergen J, Nuytens P, Van Herk M, De Visschere L (2007). Dental students' attitude towards anti-smoking programmes, a study in Flanders, Belgium. Eur J Dent Educ, 11, 177-83. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0579.2007.00456.x
  80. Varghese C, Kaur J, Desai NG, et al (2012) Initiating tobacco cessation services in India, challenges and opportunities. South-East Asia J Pub Hlth, 1, 159-68.
  81. Murthy P, Sahoo S (2010). Tobacco cessation services in Indiarecent developments and the need for expansion. Indian J Cancer, 47, 69-74. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-509X.63873
  82. Murthy P, Subodh BN (2010). Current developments in behavioral interventions for tobacco cessation. Curr Opin Psychiatry, 23, 151-6. https://doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0b013e328336653f
  83. Rikard-Bell G, Groenlund C, Ward J (2003). Australian dental students' views about smoking cessation counseling and their skills as counselors. J Public Health Dent, 63, 200-6. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-7325.2003.tb03500.x
  84. Wu J, Sin DD (2011). Improved patient outcome with smoking cessation, when is it too late? Int J COPD, 6, 259-67.
  85. Zhang H, Cai B (2003). The impact of tobacco on lung health in China. Respirol, 8, 17-21. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1843.2003.00433.x
  86. Zhang J, Ou JX, Bai CX (2011). Tobacco smoking in China, prevalence, disease burden, challenges and future strategies. Respirol, 16, 1165-72. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1843.2011.02062.x
  87. Samet JM (1992). The health benefits of smoking cessation. Med Clin North Am, 76, 399-414.
  88. Shah M (2005). Health professionals in tobacco control, evidence from Global Health Professional Survey (GHPS) of dental students in India. GHPS Fact Sheet. Geneva, World Health Organization.
  89. Shah PB, Pednekar MS, Gupta PC, Sinha DN (2008). The relationship between tobacco advertisements and smoking status of youth in India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 9, 637-64.
  90. Shimkhada R, Peabody JW (2003). Tobacco control in India. Bull World Health Organ, 81, 48-52.
  91. Slama K. (2004) Current challenges in tobacco control. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis, 8, 1160-72.
  92. Thankappan KR, Pradeep Kumar AS, Nicther M (2009). Doctor's behavior and skills for tobacco cessation in Kerala. Indian J Med Res, 129, 249-55.
  93. The tobacco use and dependence Clinical Practice Guideline Panel, Staff and Consortium representatives (2000). A Clinical Practice Guideline for treating tobacco use and dependence, A US Public Health Service report. JAMA, 283, 3244-54. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.283.24.3244
  94. Tobacco Cessation Services in the South-East Asia Region. TFI Newsletter (WHO SEARO) 2009, 2, 1-6.
  95. West R, McNeill A, Raw M (2000). Smoking cessation guidelines for health professionals, An update. Thorax, 55, 987-99. https://doi.org/10.1136/thorax.55.12.987
  96. Warnakulasuriya S, Dietrich T, Bornstein MM, et al (2010). Oral health risks of tobacco use and effects of cessation. Int Dent J, 60, 7-30.
  97. Watt RG, Daly B, Kay EJ (2003). Prevention. Part 1, Smoking cessation advice within the general dental practice. Br Dent J, 194, 665-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.4810266
  98. Watt RG, McGlone P, Dykes J, Smith M (2004b). Barriers limiting dentists' active involvement in smoking cessation. Oral Health Prevent Dent, 2, 95-102.
  99. White WB (2007). Smoking related morbidity and mortality in the cardiovascular setting. Prev Cardiol, 10, 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1520-037X.2007.06050.x
  100. WHO (1997). Tobacco or health, A global status report. WHO publication, Geneva.
  101. Winn DM (2001). Tobacco use and oral disease. J Dent Educ, 65, 306-12.
  102. Wolf PA, D'Agostino RB, Kannel WB, et al (1998). Cigarette smoking as a risk factor for stroke. The Framingham Study. JAMA, 259, 1025-9.
  103. World Health Organisation (2009). WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2009, Implementing Smoke-free Environments. Geneva, WHO.
  104. World Health Organisation (2011). Economics of tobacco toolkit, assessment of the economic costs of smoking. Geneva, WHO. World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. Tobacco free initiative.
  105. World Health Organization (2003). Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Geneva, World Health Organization. World Health Assembly, May 2003 (Resolution WHA56.1).

피인용 문헌

  1. Integration of Tobacco Control in Masters of Public Health Curricula of India vol.15, pp.14, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.14.5611
  2. Effectiveness of a Brief Physician Counselling Session on Improving Smoking Behaviour in the Workplace vol.15, pp.17, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.17.7287
  3. Effectiveness of Tobacco Education for Pharmacy Students in Indonesia vol.15, pp.24, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.24.10783
  4. Cross Sectional Survey on Association between Alcohol, Betel-Nut, Cigarette Consumption and Health Promoting Behavior of Industrial Workers in Ghaziabad vol.16, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.1.139
  5. Attitude and Practices Among Dentists and Senior Dental Students in Iran Toward Tobacco Cessation as an Effort to Prevent Oral Cancer vol.16, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.1.333
  6. Impact of Smoking Cessation Training for Community Pharmacists in Indonesia vol.16, pp.8, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.8.3319
  7. Using Implementation Science to Advance Cancer Prevention in India vol.16, pp.9, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.9.3639