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Expression of EMSY, a Novel BRCA2-link Protein, is Associated with Lymph Node Metastasis and Increased Tumor Size in Breast Carcinomas

  • Madjd, Zahra (Oncopathology Research Center and Dep pathology, Faculty of medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Akbari, Mohammad Esmaeil (Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Zarnani, Amir Hassan (Nanobiotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR) ;
  • Khayamzadeh, Maryam (Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Kalantari, Elham (Oncopathology Research Center and Dep pathology, Faculty of medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Mojtabavi, Nazanin (Department of Immunology, faculty of medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2014.02.28

Abstract

Background: The EMSY gene encodes a BRCA2-binding partner protein that represses the DNA repair function of BRCA2 in non-hereditary breast cancer. Although amplification of EMSY gene has been proposed to have prognostic value in breast cancer, no data have been available concerning EMSY tissue expression patterns and its associations with clinicopathological features. Materials and Methods: In the current study, we examined the expression and localization pattern of EMSY protein by immunohistochemistry and assessed its prognostic value in a well-characterized series of 116 unselected breast carcinomas with a mean follow up of 47 months using tissue microarray technique. Results: Immunohistochemical expression of EMSY protein was detected in 76% of primary breast tumors, localized in nuclear (18%), cytoplasmic (35%) or both cytoplasmic and nuclear sites (23%). Univariate analysis revealed a significant positive association between EMSY expression and lymph node metastasis (p value=0.045) and larger tumor size (p value=0.027), as well as a non-significant relation with increased risk of recurrence (p value=0.088), whereas no association with patients' survival (log rank test, p value=0.482), tumor grade or type was observed. Conclusions: Herein, we demonstrated for the first time the immunostaining pattern of EMSY protein in breast tumors. Our data imply that EMSY protein may have impact on clinicipathological parameters and could be considered as a potential target for breast cancer treatment.

Keywords

Breast cancer;EMSY;tissue microarray;immunohistochemistry;lymph node metastasis

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